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Article

Eating Perception, Nutrition Knowledge and Body Image among Para-Athletes: Practical Challenges in Nutritional Support

1
Department of Environmental Physiology for Exercise, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-3-138 Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka 558-8585, Japan
2
Department of Food and Human Health Sciences, Osaka City University Graduate School of Human Life Science, 3-3-138 Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka 558-8585, Japan
3
Research Center for Urban Health and Sports, Osaka City University, 3-3-138 Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka 558-8585, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Aloys Berg and Joerg Koenigstorfer
Nutrients 2021, 13(9), 3120; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093120
Received: 30 July 2021 / Revised: 29 August 2021 / Accepted: 2 September 2021 / Published: 6 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition Knowledge and Energy Availability for Youth Athletes)
Limited information exists on dietary practices in para-athletes. The aim of this study was to clarify the actual situation of para-athletes’ dietary practice and to sort out the factors (i.e., eating perception, nutrition knowledge, and body image), that may hinder their dietary practices, and explored the practical challenges in nutritional support and improving nutrition knowledge for para-athletes. Thirty-two Japanese para-athletes (22 men) and 45 collegiate student athletes without disabilities (27 men) participated in the online survey. The questionnaire included demographic characteristics, eating perception, dietary practices, and nutrition knowledge. The Japanese version of the body appreciation scale was used to determine their body image. Para-athletes who answered that they knew their ideal amount and way of eating showed significantly higher body image scores (r = 0.604, p < 0.001). However, mean score for nutrition knowledge of para-athletes were significantly lower than collegiate student athletes (19.4 ± 6.8 vs. 24.2 ± 6.1 points, p = 0.001). Both groups did not identify a dietitian as the source of nutrition information or receiving their nutrition advice. The results indicate para-athletes have unique eating perceptions and inadequate nutrition knowledge. Future interventions are needed to examine nutritional supports and education in relation to the role of dietitians. View Full-Text
Keywords: adult athletes; nutrition education; sports nutrition; dietary practices; online survey; dietitians adult athletes; nutrition education; sports nutrition; dietary practices; online survey; dietitians
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MDPI and ACS Style

Deguchi, M.; Yokoyama, H.; Hongu, N.; Watanabe, H.; Ogita, A.; Imai, D.; Suzuki, Y.; Okazaki, K. Eating Perception, Nutrition Knowledge and Body Image among Para-Athletes: Practical Challenges in Nutritional Support. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3120. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093120

AMA Style

Deguchi M, Yokoyama H, Hongu N, Watanabe H, Ogita A, Imai D, Suzuki Y, Okazaki K. Eating Perception, Nutrition Knowledge and Body Image among Para-Athletes: Practical Challenges in Nutritional Support. Nutrients. 2021; 13(9):3120. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093120

Chicago/Turabian Style

Deguchi, Miwako, Hisayo Yokoyama, Nobuko Hongu, Hitoshi Watanabe, Akira Ogita, Daiki Imai, Yuta Suzuki, and Kazunobu Okazaki. 2021. "Eating Perception, Nutrition Knowledge and Body Image among Para-Athletes: Practical Challenges in Nutritional Support" Nutrients 13, no. 9: 3120. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093120

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