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Article

Hydration, Eating Attitudes and Behaviors in Age and Weight-Restricted Youth American Football Players

1
Exercise Science Department, Arnold School of Public Health University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
2
Department of Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation Sciences, and Athletic Training, School of Health Professions University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA
3
Surgi-Care Inc., Boston, MA 02451, USA
4
Palmetto Health/USC Orthopedic Center, Columbia, SC 29203, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mindy L. Millard-Stafford
Nutrients 2021, 13(8), 2565; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082565
Received: 26 May 2021 / Revised: 19 July 2021 / Accepted: 21 July 2021 / Published: 27 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydration and Fluid Needs during Physical Activity)
There is a paucity of research examining hydration and nutrition behaviors in youth American football players. A potentially unique risk factor are league restrictions based on weight (WR) or age (AR). The purpose of this study was to examine hydration status between WR and AR leagues. The secondary purpose was to describe eating patterns in players. An observational cohort design with 63 youth football players (10 ± 1 yrs, 148.2 ± 9.4 cm, 44.9 ± 15.3 kg) was utilized. Independent variables were league (AR (n = 36); WR (n = 27)) and activity type (practice (PX = 8); game (GM = 3)). Dependent variables were hydration status (urine osmolality; percent change in body mass (%BM)), eating attitudes (Children’s Eating Attitude Test (ChEAT-26)) and self-reported frequency of meals. On average, players arrived activity mildly hypohydrated (830 ± 296 mOsm/kg) and %BM was minimal (−0.1 ± 0.7%) during events. Players consumed 2 ± 1 meals and 1 ± 1 snack before events. The ChEAT-26 survey reported 21.6% (n = 8) of players were at risk for abnormal eating attitudes. Among these players, eating binges, vomiting, excessive exercise and drastic weight loss were reported. Youth American football players arrived activity mildly hypohydrated and consumed enough fluid during activity to maintain euhydration. Abnormal eating attitudes and the use of unhealthy weight loss methods were reported by some youth American football players. View Full-Text
Keywords: sweat rate; fluid consumed; pathogenic eating behaviors; hypohydration; American tackle football sweat rate; fluid consumed; pathogenic eating behaviors; hypohydration; American tackle football
MDPI and ACS Style

Yeargin, S.; Torres-McGehee, T.M.; Emerson, D.; Koller, J.; Dickinson, J. Hydration, Eating Attitudes and Behaviors in Age and Weight-Restricted Youth American Football Players. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2565. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082565

AMA Style

Yeargin S, Torres-McGehee TM, Emerson D, Koller J, Dickinson J. Hydration, Eating Attitudes and Behaviors in Age and Weight-Restricted Youth American Football Players. Nutrients. 2021; 13(8):2565. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082565

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yeargin, Susan, Toni M. Torres-McGehee, Dawn Emerson, Jessica Koller, and John Dickinson. 2021. "Hydration, Eating Attitudes and Behaviors in Age and Weight-Restricted Youth American Football Players" Nutrients 13, no. 8: 2565. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082565

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