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The Effects of Football Practice on Nutritional Status and Body Composition in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
IGOID Research Group, Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Department, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 45004 Toledo, Spain
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Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food Science Department, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
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School of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
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Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport (CIFI2D), Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, 4099-002 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yosuke Yamada
Nutrients 2021, 13(8), 2562; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082562
Received: 17 June 2021 / Revised: 19 July 2021 / Accepted: 23 July 2021 / Published: 26 July 2021
Dietary patterns, exercise, sport, and physical activity have been shown to improve body composition in children. This systematic review with meta-analysis analyzed the effects of practicing football on body composition (fat mass, lean body mass, and bone mineral content) in children. An initial search in PubMed, Web of Science, and SPORTDiscus was carried out in April 2021 to identify relevant articles. Inclusion criteria required children up to 12 years of age with a minimum football intervention duration of 10 weeks. Methodological quality of the articles was evaluated using the PEDro scale. Between the 1803 articles originally founded, only 14 articles were included in the meta-analysis. A total of 1643 subjects between the 14 studies were identified. The review and meta-analysis were conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and used Review Manager and Full Meta-Analysis software. The results between the control and experimental groups showed significantly better lean body mass and fat mass values in the experimental group (p < 0.05). Football practice was positively associated with increases in lean body mass (mean difference of 1.55; 95% CI, 0.96, 2.15), decreases in fat mass (mean difference of −0.81; 95% CI, −1.49, −0.13), and increases in whole body bone mineral content (mean difference of 117.68; 95% CI, 83.69, 151.67). In conclusion, the results of this systematic review with meta-analysis suggest that football positively affects body composition in children. However, further research is needed to confirm the results for bone mineral content. View Full-Text
Keywords: body composition; football exercise; child athletes body composition; football exercise; child athletes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hernandez-Martin, A.; Garcia-Unanue, J.; Martínez-Rodríguez, A.; Manzano-Carrasco, S.; Felipe, J.L.; Carvalho, M.J.; Gallardo, L.; Sanchez-Sanchez, J. The Effects of Football Practice on Nutritional Status and Body Composition in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2562. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082562

AMA Style

Hernandez-Martin A, Garcia-Unanue J, Martínez-Rodríguez A, Manzano-Carrasco S, Felipe JL, Carvalho MJ, Gallardo L, Sanchez-Sanchez J. The Effects of Football Practice on Nutritional Status and Body Composition in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrients. 2021; 13(8):2562. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082562

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hernandez-Martin, Antonio, Jorge Garcia-Unanue, Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez, Samuel Manzano-Carrasco, Jose L. Felipe, Maria J. Carvalho, Leonor Gallardo, and Javier Sanchez-Sanchez. 2021. "The Effects of Football Practice on Nutritional Status and Body Composition in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" Nutrients 13, no. 8: 2562. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082562

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