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Article

The Influence of Cyclical Ketogenic Reduction Diet vs. Nutritionally Balanced Reduction Diet on Body Composition, Strength, and Endurance Performance in Healthy Young Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Department of Sports Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital, 12000 Prague, Czech Republic
2
Centre for Experimental Medicine, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 12000 Prague, Czech Republic
3
Diabetes Centre, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 12000 Prague, Czech Republic
4
Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, 12000 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2832; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092832
Received: 31 August 2020 / Revised: 11 September 2020 / Accepted: 15 September 2020 / Published: 16 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Athletic Performance)
(1) Background: The influence of ketogenic diet on physical fitness remains controversial. We performed a randomized controlled trial to compare the effect of cyclical ketogenic reduction diet (CKD) vs. nutritionally balanced reduction diet (RD) on body composition, muscle strength, and endurance performance. (2) Methods: 25 healthy young males undergoing regular resistance training combined with aerobic training were randomized to CKD (n = 13) or RD (n = 12). Body composition, muscle strength and spiroergometric parameters were measured at baseline and after eight weeks of intervention. (3) Results: Both CKD and RD decreased body weight, body fat, and BMI. Lean body mass and body water decreased in CKD and did not significantly change in RD group. Muscle strength parameters were not affected in CKD while in RD group lat pull-down and leg press values increased. Similarly, endurance performance was not changed in CKD group while in RD group peak workload and peak oxygen uptake increased. (4) Conclusions: Our data show that in healthy young males undergoing resistance and aerobic training comparable weight reduction were achieved by CKD and RD. In RD group; improved muscle strength and endurance performance was noted relative to neutral effect of CKD that also slightly reduced lean body mass. View Full-Text
Keywords: body composition; ketogenic diet; strength parameters; endurance; training body composition; ketogenic diet; strength parameters; endurance; training
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kysel, P.; Haluzíková, D.; Doležalová, R.P.; Laňková, I.; Lacinová, Z.; Kasperová, B.J.; Trnovská, J.; Hrádková, V.; Mráz, M.; Vilikus, Z.; Haluzík, M. The Influence of Cyclical Ketogenic Reduction Diet vs. Nutritionally Balanced Reduction Diet on Body Composition, Strength, and Endurance Performance in Healthy Young Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2832. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092832

AMA Style

Kysel P, Haluzíková D, Doležalová RP, Laňková I, Lacinová Z, Kasperová BJ, Trnovská J, Hrádková V, Mráz M, Vilikus Z, Haluzík M. The Influence of Cyclical Ketogenic Reduction Diet vs. Nutritionally Balanced Reduction Diet on Body Composition, Strength, and Endurance Performance in Healthy Young Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2832. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092832

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kysel, Pavel; Haluzíková, Denisa; Doležalová, Radka P.; Laňková, Ivana; Lacinová, Zdeňka; Kasperová, Barbora J.; Trnovská, Jaroslava; Hrádková, Viktorie; Mráz, Miloš; Vilikus, Zdeněk; Haluzík, Martin. 2020. "The Influence of Cyclical Ketogenic Reduction Diet vs. Nutritionally Balanced Reduction Diet on Body Composition, Strength, and Endurance Performance in Healthy Young Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2832. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092832

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