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Open AccessReview

Effect of Physical Exercise on Taste Perceptions: A Systematic Review

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École de Kinésiologie et des Sciences de l’Activité Physique de la Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, 2100 Edouard Montpetit Blvd #8223, Montreal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada
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Department of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran P94W+M3, Iran
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Centre de Recherche de l’Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Département d’Éducation Physique et Institut sur la Nutrition et les Aliments Fonctionnels, Université de Laval, 2300, rue de la Terrasse #2214, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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École de Kinésiologie et des Sciences de l’Activité Physique de la Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, Centre de Recherche du CHU Sainte-Justine, 2100 Edouard Montpetit Blvd #8223, Montreal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2741; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092741
Received: 31 July 2020 / Revised: 5 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 September 2020 / Published: 9 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Taste Perception and Food Preferences)
The effect of physical exercise on nutrition has gained substantial interest in the last decade. Meaningful results have been produced concerning the effect of physical exercise on different appetite hormones and food choice/preference. While it is well known that taste and nutrition are related, the relation between taste and physical activity has not yet been fully explored. This systematic review aims to provide a detailed view of the literature on physical exercise and its effect on taste perceptions. Five tastes were included in this review: sweet, salty, bitter, sour, and umami. Sweet taste intensity, sensitivity, and preference were increased by acute physical exercise, but sweet preference was reduced by chronic physical activity. Perceived intensity and sensitivity decreased overall for salty taste, but an increased preference was noted during/following exercise. Sour taste intensity ratings were decreased following exercise and preference was enhanced. Umami taste intensity and sensitivity increased following exercise and preference was decreased. No significant results were obtained for bitter taste. While evidence regarding the effect of exercise on taste has arisen from this review, the pre-testing nutrition, testing conditions, type of test, and exercise modality must be standardized in order to produce meaningful and reproducible results in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; physical activity; nutrition; taste perceptions; gustative perceptions; chemosensory exercise; physical activity; nutrition; taste perceptions; gustative perceptions; chemosensory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gauthier, A.-C.; Guimarães, R.F.; Namiranian, K.; Drapeau, V.; Mathieu, M.-E. Effect of Physical Exercise on Taste Perceptions: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2741.

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