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Effects of Casein Hydrolysate Ingestion on Thermoregulatory Responses in Healthy Adults during Exercise in Heated Conditions: A Randomized Crossover Trial

1
Wellness & Nutrition Science Institute, Morinaga Milk Industry Co., Ltd., Zama, Kanagawa-Pref. 252-8583, Japan
2
Laboratory for Exercise and Environmental Physiology, Faculty of Education, Niigata University, Niigata, Niigata-Pref. 950-2181, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(3), 867; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030867
Received: 6 February 2020 / Revised: 19 March 2020 / Accepted: 22 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
Food ingestion has been shown to affect thermoregulation during exercise, while the impact of protein degradant consumption remains unclear. We investigated the effects of casein hydrolysate ingestion on thermoregulatory responses during exercise in the heat. In a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover trial, five men and five women consumed either 5 g of casein hydrolysate or placebo. Thirty minutes after ingestion, participants cycled at 60% VO2max until voluntary exhaustion wearing a hot-water (43 °C) circulation suit. Exercise time to exhaustion, body core temperature, forearm sweat rate, and forearm cutaneous vascular conductance did not differ different between the conditions. However, chest sweat rate and mean skin temperature increased upon casein hydrolysate ingestion compared with placebo during exercise. Increased chest sweat rate upon casein hydrolysate ingestion was associated with elevated sudomotor sensitivity to increasing body core temperature, but not the temperature threshold for initiating sweating. A positive correlation was found between chest sweat rate and plasma total amino acid concentration during exercise. These results suggest that casein hydrolysate ingestion enhances sweating heterogeneously by increasing peripheral sensitivity of the chest’s sweating mechanism and elevating skin temperature during exercise in the heat. However, the physiological link between plasma amino acid concentration and sweat rate remains unclear. View Full-Text
Keywords: casein hydrolysate; sweat rate; body temperature; thermoregulation; exhaustion; aerobic exercise; heat casein hydrolysate; sweat rate; body temperature; thermoregulation; exhaustion; aerobic exercise; heat
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Sakata, Y.; Yoshida, C.; Fujiki, Y.; Matsunaga, Y.; Nakamura, H.; Shimizu, T.; Takeda, Y.; Amano, T. Effects of Casein Hydrolysate Ingestion on Thermoregulatory Responses in Healthy Adults during Exercise in Heated Conditions: A Randomized Crossover Trial. Nutrients 2020, 12, 867.

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