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Review

Nutritional Approaches for the Management of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: An Evidence-Based Review

1
Endocrinology Division, Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, 08950 Barcelona, Spain
2
Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, 08950 Barcelona, Spain
3
Institute of Translational Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics, Department of Molecular Biology and Genomics, CUCS, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44340, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3860; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123860
Received: 7 November 2020 / Revised: 9 December 2020 / Accepted: 11 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Epidemiology)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is on the rise worldwide representing a public health issue. Its coexistence with obesity and other metabolic alterations is highly frequent. Therefore, current therapy interventions for NAFLD are mainly focused on progressive weight loss through modulation of overall calorie intake with or without specific macronutrient adjustments. Furthermore, other relevant nutritional interventions are built on food selection and time-restricted eating. Since every strategy might bring different results, choosing the optimal diet therapy for a patient is a complicated task, because NAFLD is a multifactorial complex disease. Importantly, some factors need to be considered, such as nutrition-based evidence in terms of hepatic morphophysiological improvements as well as adherence of the patient to the meal plan and adaptability in their cultural context. Thus, the purpose of this review is to explore and compare the subtleties and nuances of the most relevant clinical practice guidelines and the nutritional approaches for the management of NAFLD with a special attention to tangible outcomes and long-term adherence. View Full-Text
Keywords: DASH diet; dietary therapy; intermittent fasting; ketogenic diet; low-carbohydrate diet; low-fat diet; Mediterranean diet; nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; nutritional management; obesity DASH diet; dietary therapy; intermittent fasting; ketogenic diet; low-carbohydrate diet; low-fat diet; Mediterranean diet; nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; nutritional management; obesity
MDPI and ACS Style

Parra-Vargas, M.; Rodriguez-Echevarria, R.; Jimenez-Chillaron, J.C. Nutritional Approaches for the Management of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: An Evidence-Based Review. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3860. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123860

AMA Style

Parra-Vargas M, Rodriguez-Echevarria R, Jimenez-Chillaron JC. Nutritional Approaches for the Management of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: An Evidence-Based Review. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3860. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123860

Chicago/Turabian Style

Parra-Vargas, Marcela, Roberto Rodriguez-Echevarria, and Josep C. Jimenez-Chillaron 2020. "Nutritional Approaches for the Management of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: An Evidence-Based Review" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3860. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123860

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