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Article

Differences in the Prevalence of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Spanish Workers

1
Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
2
CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
Preventive Medicine and Public Health Service, University Hospital of Alicante, 03010 Alicante, Spain
4
School of Public Health, Curtin University, 6102 Perth, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3848; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123848
Received: 13 November 2020 / Revised: 10 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet, Food and Nutrition and Occupational Health)
The present study aims to examine the differences in daily fruit and vegetable consumption in the working population in Spain. A cross-sectional study was conducted, using data from the 2017 National Health Survey (n = 10,700 workers aged between 18 and 65 years). The daily consumption of fruit and vegetables was evaluated using two items included in a food frequency questionnaire. Occupations were classified into the 17 main groups of the National Classification of Occupations of 2011 (CNO-11). The prevalence (P) of daily fruit and vegetable consumption was calculated in relation to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviors, work-related characteristics and occupations. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association, with simple and adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR). The P of daily consumption of fruit and vegetables in workers was 60% for fruit and 40% for vegetables. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and health behaviors, workers working night or rotating shifts had a lower consumption of fruits (aOR:0.9; p < 0.05), and those working on temporary contracts had a lower consumption of vegetables (aOR:0.8; p < 0.05). Engineers, scientists, health care workers and teachers had the highest fruit consumption (74.5%) and the highest vegetable consumption (55.1%). The lowest consumption of fruits was presented by the military (42.3%) and unskilled workers in the service sector (45.8%), and the lowest consumption of vegetables was presented by skilled construction workers (25.5%). These findings could aid in workplace health promotion and could be used in future studies to evaluate the impact of the activities adopted. View Full-Text
Keywords: demographic characteristics; health behavior; education; fruit and vegetable consumption; work-related factors; occupation demographic characteristics; health behavior; education; fruit and vegetable consumption; work-related factors; occupation
MDPI and ACS Style

Ronda-Pérez, E.; Campos-Mora, J.; de Juan, A.; Gea, T.; Reid, A.; Caballero, P. Differences in the Prevalence of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Spanish Workers. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3848. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123848

AMA Style

Ronda-Pérez E, Campos-Mora J, de Juan A, Gea T, Reid A, Caballero P. Differences in the Prevalence of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Spanish Workers. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3848. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123848

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ronda-Pérez, Elena, Julia Campos-Mora, Alba de Juan, Teresa Gea, Alison Reid, and Pablo Caballero. 2020. "Differences in the Prevalence of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Spanish Workers" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3848. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123848

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