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Article

Association between Body Mass Index and Sensory Processing in Childhood: InProS Study

1
Grupo de Investigación en Terapia Ocupacional (InTeO), Miguel Hernández University, 03550 Alicante, Spain
2
Department of Pathology and Surgery, Miguel Hernández University, 03550 Alicante, Spain
3
Vicerrectorado de Relaciones Institucionales de la Universidad Miguel Hernández, 03202 Elche, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3684; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123684
Received: 25 September 2020 / Revised: 26 November 2020 / Accepted: 26 November 2020 / Published: 29 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition Status and Health)
We assessed the association between body mass index (BMI) and sensory processing in 445 Spanish children aged 3–7 from the InProS project. Child sensory processing was measured using the short sensory profile (SSP); an atypical sensory performance was defined as an SSP total score <155 and scores of tactile sensitivity <30; taste/smell sensitivity <15; movement sensitivity <13; under-responsive/seeks sensation <27; auditory filtering <23; low energy/weak <26; and visual/auditory sensitivity <19. The BMI was calculated according to the cutoffs by the World Health Organization for children aged 0–5 and 5–19 years. We used multiple Poisson regression models with robust variance to obtain prevalence ratios (PR). No associations between children’s overweight and obesity and the prevalence of atypical sensory outcomes were observed. A one-point increase in BMI was significantly associated with a higher prevalence of atypical tactile sensitivity (PR = 1.07, 95% CI: 1.02; 1.12). A statistically marginal association was also observed for atypical total SSP (PR = 1.03, 95% CI: 1.00; 1.07) and atypical movement sensitivity (PR = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.00; 1.10). To our knowledge, this is the first time the association between children’s BMI and sensory processing has been reported. Our findings suggest that sensory processing issues may play a part in the complex context of childhood obesity. Further research is required to confirm these findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: atypical movement sensitivity; atypical tactile sensitivity; body mass index; childhood obesity; sensory processing atypical movement sensitivity; atypical tactile sensitivity; body mass index; childhood obesity; sensory processing
MDPI and ACS Style

Navarrete-Muñoz, E.-M.; Fernández-Pires, P.; Mubarak-García, C.; Espinosa-Sempere, C.; Peral-Gómez, P.; Juárez-Leal, I.; Sánchez-Pérez, A.; Pérez-Vázquez, M.-T.; Hurtado-Pomares, M.; Valera-Gran, D. Association between Body Mass Index and Sensory Processing in Childhood: InProS Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3684. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123684

AMA Style

Navarrete-Muñoz E-M, Fernández-Pires P, Mubarak-García C, Espinosa-Sempere C, Peral-Gómez P, Juárez-Leal I, Sánchez-Pérez A, Pérez-Vázquez M-T, Hurtado-Pomares M, Valera-Gran D. Association between Body Mass Index and Sensory Processing in Childhood: InProS Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3684. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123684

Chicago/Turabian Style

Navarrete-Muñoz, Eva-María, Paula Fernández-Pires, Carmela Mubarak-García, Cristina Espinosa-Sempere, Paula Peral-Gómez, Iris Juárez-Leal, Alicia Sánchez-Pérez, María-Teresa Pérez-Vázquez, Miriam Hurtado-Pomares, and Desirée Valera-Gran. 2020. "Association between Body Mass Index and Sensory Processing in Childhood: InProS Study" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3684. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123684

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