Next Article in Journal
Zinc and Cadmium in the Aetiology and Pathogenesis of Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis
Next Article in Special Issue
Adherence to Child Feeding Practices and Child Growth: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis in Cambodia
Previous Article in Journal
Zinc Supplementation Modulates NETs Release and Neutrophils’ Degranulation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Association between Body Mass Index and Sensory Processing in Childhood: InProS Study
Review

Predefined Diets in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, 03690 Alicante, Spain
2
Department of Nursing, University of Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, 03690 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2021, 13(1), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010052
Received: 28 November 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 22 December 2020 / Published: 26 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition Status and Health)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic disease mediated by the immune system and characterized by the importance of diet in pathological development. This study aims to understand how the use of predefined diets can affect the adult population diagnosed with IBD. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. From the different databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane, LILACS, CINAHL, and WOS), we found 4195 registers. After a review process, only 31 research studies were selected for qualitative synthesis and 10 were selected for meta-analysis. The variables used were Crohn’s Disease Activity Index (CDAI) for patients with Crohn’s Disease (CD) and fecal calprotectin (FC), C-Reactive Protein (CRP), and albumin (ALB) for patients with IBD. Predefined diets have been shown to have partial efficacy for the treatment of IBD and are compatible with other medical treatments. CDAI improved but with reasonable doubts due to the high heterogeneity of the data, while no differences were observed for ALB, FC, and CRP. More studies that evaluate the influence of predefined diets on IBD patients are needed due to the great variability in diets and the tools used to measure their effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: inflammatory bowel diseases; nutrition therapy; systematic review; meta-analysis; Crohn’s disease inflammatory bowel diseases; nutrition therapy; systematic review; meta-analysis; Crohn’s disease
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Comeche, J.M.; Gutierrez-Hervás, A.; Tuells, J.; Altavilla, C.; Caballero, P. Predefined Diets in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrients 2021, 13, 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010052

AMA Style

Comeche JM, Gutierrez-Hervás A, Tuells J, Altavilla C, Caballero P. Predefined Diets in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrients. 2021; 13(1):52. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010052

Chicago/Turabian Style

Comeche, José M., Ana Gutierrez-Hervás, José Tuells, Cesare Altavilla, and Pablo Caballero. 2021. "Predefined Diets in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" Nutrients 13, no. 1: 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010052

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop