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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Food Containing Paramylon Derived from Euglena gracilis EOD-1 on Fatigue in Healthy Adults: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Trial

1
Kobelco Eco-Solutions Co., Ltd., Kobe, Hyogo 651-2241, Japan
2
Soiken. Inc., Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0082, Japan
3
RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, Kobe, Hyogo 650-0047, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 3098; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103098
Received: 11 September 2020 / Revised: 8 October 2020 / Accepted: 8 October 2020 / Published: 12 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Supplements and Human Health)
Euglena gracilis EOD-1, a kind of microalgae, is known to contain a high proportion of paramylon, a type of β-1,3-glucan. Paramylon derived from E. gracilis EOD-1 is presumed to suppress cellular oxidative injury and expected to reduce fatigue and fatigue sensation. Therefore, we aimed to examine whether food containing paramylon derived from E. gracilis EOD-1 (EOD-1PM) ingestion reduced fatigue and fatigue sensation in healthy adults. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group comparison study in 66 healthy men and women who ingested a placebo or EOD-1PM daily for 4 weeks (daily life fatigue). Furthermore, at the examination days of 0 and 4 weeks, tolerance to fatigue load was evaluated using mental tasks (task-induced fatigue). We evaluated fatigue sensation using the Visual Analogue Scale, the work efficiency of the advanced trail making test and measured serum antioxidant markers. The EOD-1PM group showed significantly lower levels of physical and mental fatigue sensations and higher levels of work efficiency as well as serum biological antioxidant potential levels than the placebo group. These results indicate that EOD-1PM ingestion reduced fatigue and fatigue sensation, which may be due to an increase in antioxidant potential and maintenance of selective attention during work. View Full-Text
Keywords: Euglena gracilis EOD-1; β-glucan; paramylon; fatigue; selective attention; antioxidant Euglena gracilis EOD-1; β-glucan; paramylon; fatigue; selective attention; antioxidant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kawano, T.; Naito, J.; Nishioka, M.; Nishida, N.; Takahashi, M.; Kashiwagi, S.; Sugino, T.; Watanabe, Y. Effect of Food Containing Paramylon Derived from Euglena gracilis EOD-1 on Fatigue in Healthy Adults: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Trial. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3098.

AMA Style

Kawano T, Naito J, Nishioka M, Nishida N, Takahashi M, Kashiwagi S, Sugino T, Watanabe Y. Effect of Food Containing Paramylon Derived from Euglena gracilis EOD-1 on Fatigue in Healthy Adults: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Trial. Nutrients. 2020; 12(10):3098.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kawano, Takanori; Naito, Junko; Nishioka, Machiko; Nishida, Norihisa; Takahashi, Madoka; Kashiwagi, Shinichi; Sugino, Tomohiro; Watanabe, Yasuyoshi. 2020. "Effect of Food Containing Paramylon Derived from Euglena gracilis EOD-1 on Fatigue in Healthy Adults: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Trial" Nutrients 12, no. 10: 3098.

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