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Open AccessArticle

The Clinical Importance of 21-Day Combined Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition in Active Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Metabolic Diseases, Internal Medicine and Dietetics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan 60-355, Poland
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Department of Environmental Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan 60-806, Poland
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Department of Biophysics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan 60-780, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2246; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092246
Received: 7 August 2019 / Revised: 12 September 2019 / Accepted: 13 September 2019 / Published: 18 September 2019
The aim of the study was to show the clinical magnitude of short-term feeding: enteral nutrition (EN) combined with parenteral nutrition (PN) in active Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis patients. Among 122 eligible inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, 65 met the inclusion criteria. Combined EN and PN was administered for 21 days, wherein over the first 3–5 days of treatment, trophic enteral nutrition (300 kcal/day) was used with an energy increase of up to 1500 kcal. An EN was administered using a nasogastric tube or, in case of intolerance, using a naso-jejunal tube. For PN, the “All in One” system was used according to individually prepared admixtures (ESPEN Guidelines). In addition to routine blood measurement (i.e., ALAT, ASPAT, GGTP, creatinine, lipid profile), the following parameters were assessed: adiponectin, leptin, (hs)TNF-α, hsIL-6 and hsIL-10, TSH, NT-proBNP, serum vitamin B12 concentration, and tHcy. The results showed a considerable improvement in all clinically significant parameters (p < 0.05), showing the benefits and importance of short-term well-balanced EN combined with PN for nutritional and clinical status in IBD patients with active disease. The daily work at hospitals with active IBD patients demonstrates the potential of continued administration of home-based nutrition by patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: inflammatory bowel disease; enteral nutrition; parenteral nutrition; feeding inflammatory bowel disease; enteral nutrition; parenteral nutrition; feeding
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Mańkowska-Wierzbicka, D.; Karczewski, J.; Swora-Cwynar, E.; Dobrowolska, A.; Stelmach-Mardas, M. The Clinical Importance of 21-Day Combined Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition in Active Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2246.

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