Next Article in Journal
Influence of Vitamin D on Islet Autoimmunity and Beta-Cell Function in Type 1 Diabetes
Previous Article in Journal
Why Secondary Analyses in Vitamin D Clinical Trials Are Important and How to Improve Vitamin D Clinical Trial Outcome Analyses—A Comment on “Extra-Skeletal Effects of Vitamin D, Nutrients 2019, 11, 1460”
Previous Article in Special Issue
Djulis (Chenopodium Formosanum) Prevents Colon Carcinogenesis via Regulating Antioxidative and Apoptotic Pathways in Rats
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Germinated Pigmented Rice “Superjami” on the Glucose Level, Antioxidant Defense System, and Bone Metabolism in Menopausal Rat Model

1
International Agricultural Training Center, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
2
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Brain Korea 21 Plus, Kyungpook National University Daegu 41566, Korea
3
Institute of Life and Environment, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2184; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092184
Received: 16 August 2019 / Revised: 2 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 September 2019 / Published: 11 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Grains and Human Health)
Women experience physical, mental, and social changes during menopause. It is important to maintain a healthy diet for effective menopause management. The effect of germinated Superjami, a deep violet colored rice cultivar, on the body weight, glucose level, antioxidant defense system, and bone metabolism in a menopausal rat model was investigated. The animals were randomly divided into three groups and fed with a normal diet (ND), a control diet supplemented with 20% (w/w) non-germinated Superjami flour (NGSF), or germinated Superjami flour (GSF) for eight weeks. The NGSF and GSF groups exhibited significantly lower body weight and fat, glucose and insulin contents, adipokine concentrations, and bone resorption biomarker levels, and higher antioxidant enzyme activities and 17-β-estradiol content than the ND group (p < 0.05). The GSF group showed greater glucose homeostasis, antioxidative, and bone metabolism-improving effects compared with the NGSF group. These findings demonstrate that germination could further improve the health-promoting properties of Superjami and that this germinated pigmented rice cultivar could be useful in the treatment and management of menopause-induced hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, and bone turnover imbalance. View Full-Text
Keywords: Superjami; menopause; antioxidant; hyperglycemia; bone turnover Superjami; menopause; antioxidant; hyperglycemia; bone turnover
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chung, S.I.; Ham, T.-H.; Kang, M.Y. Effect of Germinated Pigmented Rice “Superjami” on the Glucose Level, Antioxidant Defense System, and Bone Metabolism in Menopausal Rat Model. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2184.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop