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Open AccessArticle

Energy Balance and Active Lifestyle: Potential Mediators of Health and Quality of Life Perception in Aging

1
Graduate Institute of Sports Training, Institute of Sports Sciences, University of Taipei, Administrative Building, 101 Zhongcheng Rd. Section 2, Shilin District, 111 Taipei, Taiwan
2
Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico, Piazza Lauro De Bosis 6, 00135 Roma, Italy
3
Department of Medicine and Aging Sciences, “G. d’Annunzio” University of Chieti-Pescara, Via dei Vestini 31, 66100 Chieti, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2122; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092122
Received: 17 June 2019 / Revised: 28 August 2019 / Accepted: 30 August 2019 / Published: 6 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism)
The relationship between aging and perception of health and quality of life is complex and its mediation mechanisms need to be further explored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effects of total energy expenditure and intake, body mass, and body image dissatisfaction on the relationship between age and perception of health and quality of life. Forty-two senior athletes, 55 physically active, and 61 sedentary individuals (aged 55–84 years) were evaluated for total energy expenditure (EE), energy intake (EI), body mass index (BMI), absolute Body Dissatisfaction Index (BDIabx), and physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) health and quality of life perception. Multiple mediation analyses were applied to assess the relationship between age and PCS and MCS indices, through the mediators EE, EI, BMI, and BDIabx. For MCS, but not for PSC, the mediation analysis showed: (a) a direct effect of age; (b) a mediation path through EE, EI, BMI, and BDIabx; and (c) a positive total effect. The combination of positive and negative mediating effects influencing the mental health perception underlined that with advancing age, the maintenance of high levels of energy expenditure through physical activity could positively impact body image satisfaction and, in turn, mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; energy expenditure; body satisfaction; mental health; mediation analysis physical activity; energy expenditure; body satisfaction; mental health; mediation analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Condello, G.; Capranica, L.; Migliaccio, S.; Forte, R.; Di Baldassarre, A.; Pesce, C. Energy Balance and Active Lifestyle: Potential Mediators of Health and Quality of Life Perception in Aging. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2122. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092122

AMA Style

Condello G, Capranica L, Migliaccio S, Forte R, Di Baldassarre A, Pesce C. Energy Balance and Active Lifestyle: Potential Mediators of Health and Quality of Life Perception in Aging. Nutrients. 2019; 11(9):2122. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092122

Chicago/Turabian Style

Condello, Giancarlo; Capranica, Laura; Migliaccio, Silvia; Forte, Roberta; Di Baldassarre, Angela; Pesce, Caterina. 2019. "Energy Balance and Active Lifestyle: Potential Mediators of Health and Quality of Life Perception in Aging" Nutrients 11, no. 9: 2122. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092122

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