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Article

Differences in Dietary Intakes among Lebanese Adults over a Decade: Results from Two National Surveys 1997–2008/2009

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Nutrition and Food Sciences Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 11072020, Lebanon
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Nutrition and Food Systems Division, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 00153 Rome, Italy
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Epidemiology and Population Health Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 11072020, Lebanon
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1738; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081738
Received: 19 April 2019 / Revised: 20 May 2019 / Accepted: 4 June 2019 / Published: 27 July 2019
Amidst the ongoing societal and economic shifts in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR), this study aims at investigating temporal trends in food consumption and nutrient intakes among Lebanese adults, by age and sex. Data were derived from two national cross-sectional surveys conducted in Lebanon during two time periods (1997; 2008/2009). In both surveys, dietary assessment was based on 24-h recalls. The results, expressed as % energy intake (%EI), revealed a significant decrease (p < 0.001) in the consumption of bread, fruits, fresh fruit juices, milk and eggs, whereas the consumption of added fats and oils, poultry, cereals and cereal-based products, chips and salty crackers, sweetened milk and hot beverages increased over time (p < 0.001). A significant increase in dietary energy (kcal/day) and fat intake (%EI) was observed, coupled with decreases in carbohydrate intake (%EI) and dietary density of vitamin A and vitamin C (per 1000 kcal) (p < 0.001). These changes were noted in both genders and across age groups, albeit there were some disparities between groups. In conclusion, based on national nutrition surveys, this study is the first to characterize the nutrition transition in a middle-income country of the EMR, shedding light on priority areas for nutrition policies and interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition transition; Eastern Mediterranean region; adults; dietary intakes; nutrition surveys; Lebanon nutrition transition; Eastern Mediterranean region; adults; dietary intakes; nutrition surveys; Lebanon
MDPI and ACS Style

Nasreddine, L.; Ayoub, J.J.; Hachem, F.; Tabbara, J.; Sibai, A.M.; Hwalla, N.; Naja, F. Differences in Dietary Intakes among Lebanese Adults over a Decade: Results from Two National Surveys 1997–2008/2009. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1738. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081738

AMA Style

Nasreddine L, Ayoub JJ, Hachem F, Tabbara J, Sibai AM, Hwalla N, Naja F. Differences in Dietary Intakes among Lebanese Adults over a Decade: Results from Two National Surveys 1997–2008/2009. Nutrients. 2019; 11(8):1738. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081738

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nasreddine, Lara, Jennifer J. Ayoub, Fatima Hachem, Jiana Tabbara, Abla M. Sibai, Nahla Hwalla, and Farah Naja. 2019. "Differences in Dietary Intakes among Lebanese Adults over a Decade: Results from Two National Surveys 1997–2008/2009" Nutrients 11, no. 8: 1738. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081738

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