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Open AccessArticle

Sleep Quality and the Mediating Role of Stress Management on Eating by Nursing Personnel

1
Department of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, 4780000 Santiago, Chile
2
Department of Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
3
Department of Psychology, Universidad Politécnica y Artística del Paraguay, 1628 Asunción, Paraguay
4
Núcleo Científico y Tecnológico en Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la Frontera, 4811230 Temuco, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1731; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081731
Received: 3 June 2019 / Revised: 7 July 2019 / Accepted: 23 July 2019 / Published: 26 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sleep, Nutrition, and Human Health)
(1) Background: The work schedule of nursing personnel often involves double or continuous shifts and sources of stress derived from the work context, making it necessary to ensure their rest and eating habits contribute to a healthy lifestyle. The objective of this study was to analyze the mediating role of stress management on the effect that sleep quality has on uncontrolled and emotional eating by nursing professionals. The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 was applied to measure uncontrolled and emotional eating, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index as a measure of sleep quality, and the EQ-i-20M for the stress management component of emotional intelligence. (2) Methods: A sample of 1073 nurses aged 22 to 57 years was selected for this purpose. (3) Results: The main result of this study was that stress management was a mediator in the effect of sleep quality on uncontrolled and emotional eating. Furthermore, low scores for sleeping problems correlated with high scores for stress management. The results also revealed a strong negative association between stress management and uncontrolled and emotional eating. (4) Conclusions: The results are discussed from the perspective of promoting health at work as well as improving the psychosocial wellbeing of nursing professionals and increasing the quality of patient care. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep quality; stress management; eating; nursing sleep quality; stress management; eating; nursing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gázquez Linares, J.J.; Pérez-Fuentes, M.C.; Molero Jurado, M.M.; Oropesa Ruiz, N.F.; Simón Márquez, M.M.; Saracostti, M. Sleep Quality and the Mediating Role of Stress Management on Eating by Nursing Personnel. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1731.

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