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Practical Hydration Solutions for Sports

Korey Stringer Institute, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Saitama 359-1192, Japan
Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402, USA
Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
Gatorade Sports Science Institute, Barrington, IL 60010, USA
Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, ACT 2617, Australia
Sports Science Synergy, LLC, Franklin, MA 02038, USA
U.S. Soccer, Chicago, IL 60616, USA
Centre for Human Performance, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Brunel University London, Uxbridge UB8 3PH, UK
Hydration Science Lab, College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Department of Rehabilitation and Medical Sciences, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859, USA
Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
Faculty of Health, Sport and Human Performance, University of Waikato, Hamilton 3216, New Zealand
International Institute of Race Medicine, Plymouth, MA 02360, USA
Department of Kinesiology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1550;
Received: 15 May 2019 / Revised: 27 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 9 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition Support for Athletic Performance)
PDF [940 KB, uploaded 9 July 2019]


Personalized hydration strategies play a key role in optimizing the performance and safety of athletes during sporting activities. Clinicians should be aware of the many physiological, behavioral, logistical and psychological issues that determine both the athlete’s fluid needs during sport and his/her opportunity to address them; these are often specific to the environment, the event and the individual athlete. In this paper we address the major considerations for assessing hydration status in athletes and practical solutions to overcome obstacles of a given sport. Based on these solutions, practitioners can better advise athletes to develop practices that optimize hydration for their sports. View Full-Text
Keywords: fluid replacement; athletics; exercise fluid replacement; athletics; exercise

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Belval, L.N.; Hosokawa, Y.; Casa, D.J.; Adams, W.M.; Armstrong, L.E.; Baker, L.B.; Burke, L.; Cheuvront, S.; Chiampas, G.; González-Alonso, J.; Huggins, R.A.; Kavouras, S.A.; Lee, E.C.; McDermott, B.P.; Miller, K.; Schlader, Z.; Sims, S.; Stearns, R.L.; Troyanos, C.; Wingo, J. Practical Hydration Solutions for Sports. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1550.

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