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Practical Hydration Solutions for Sports

1
Korey Stringer Institute, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
2
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Saitama 359-1192, Japan
3
Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402, USA
4
Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
5
Gatorade Sports Science Institute, Barrington, IL 60010, USA
6
Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, ACT 2617, Australia
7
Sports Science Synergy, LLC, Franklin, MA 02038, USA
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U.S. Soccer, Chicago, IL 60616, USA
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Centre for Human Performance, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Brunel University London, Uxbridge UB8 3PH, UK
10
Hydration Science Lab, College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
11
Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
12
Department of Rehabilitation and Medical Sciences, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859, USA
13
Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
14
Faculty of Health, Sport and Human Performance, University of Waikato, Hamilton 3216, New Zealand
15
International Institute of Race Medicine, Plymouth, MA 02360, USA
16
Department of Kinesiology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1550; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071550
Received: 15 May 2019 / Revised: 27 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 9 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition Support for Athletic Performance)
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PDF [940 KB, uploaded 9 July 2019]
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Abstract

Personalized hydration strategies play a key role in optimizing the performance and safety of athletes during sporting activities. Clinicians should be aware of the many physiological, behavioral, logistical and psychological issues that determine both the athlete’s fluid needs during sport and his/her opportunity to address them; these are often specific to the environment, the event and the individual athlete. In this paper we address the major considerations for assessing hydration status in athletes and practical solutions to overcome obstacles of a given sport. Based on these solutions, practitioners can better advise athletes to develop practices that optimize hydration for their sports. View Full-Text
Keywords: fluid replacement; athletics; exercise fluid replacement; athletics; exercise
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Belval, L.N.; Hosokawa, Y.; Casa, D.J.; Adams, W.M.; Armstrong, L.E.; Baker, L.B.; Burke, L.; Cheuvront, S.; Chiampas, G.; González-Alonso, J.; Huggins, R.A.; Kavouras, S.A.; Lee, E.C.; McDermott, B.P.; Miller, K.; Schlader, Z.; Sims, S.; Stearns, R.L.; Troyanos, C.; Wingo, J. Practical Hydration Solutions for Sports. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1550.

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