Next Article in Journal
Vitamin D and the Risk of Depression: A Causal Relationship? Findings from a Mendelian Randomization Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Forced Physical Activity on the Severity of Experimental Colitis in Normal Weight and Obese Mice. Involvement of Oxidative Stress and Proinflammatory Biomarkers
Previous Article in Journal
Why Is Very High Cholesterol Content Beneficial for the Eye Lens but Negative for Other Organs?
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Association of Life’s Simple 7 with Aldosterone among African Americans in the Jackson Heart Study

Carbohydrate Availability and Physical Performance: Physiological Overview and Practical Recommendations

NutriScience, Nutrition & Health Sciences, 14002 Córdoba, Spain
Systems Biology Department, University of Alcalá, 28801 Madrid, Spain
Nutrition in Physical Activity and Sports, University of Barcelona, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Isabel I, 09003 Burgos, Spain
Human Motricity and Sports Performance Area, University of Seville, 41004 Seville, Spain
Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, 03690 Alicante, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(5), 1084;
Received: 22 April 2019 / Revised: 11 May 2019 / Accepted: 13 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism)
Strong evidence during the last few decades has highlighted the importance of nutrition for sport performance, the role of carbohydrates (CHO) being of special interest. Glycogen is currently not only considered an energy substrate but also a regulator of the signaling pathways that regulate exercise-induced adaptations. Thus, low or high CHO availabilities can result in both beneficial or negative results depending on the purpose. On the one hand, the depletion of glycogen levels is a limiting factor of performance during sessions in which high exercise intensities are required; therefore ensuring a high CHO availability before and during exercise is of major importance. A high CHO availability has also been positively related to the exercise-induced adaptations to resistance training. By contrast, a low CHO availability seems to promote endurance-exercise-induced adaptations such as mitochondrial biogenesis and enhanced lipolysis. In the present narrative review, we aim to provide a holistic overview of how CHO availability impacts physical performance as well as to provide practical recommendations on how training and nutrition might be combined to maximize performance. Attending to the existing evidence, no universal recommendations regarding CHO intake can be given to athletes as nutrition should be periodized according to training loads and objectives. View Full-Text
Keywords: ergogenic aids; exercise; supplement; sport nutrition ergogenic aids; exercise; supplement; sport nutrition
MDPI and ACS Style

Mata, F.; Valenzuela, P.L.; Gimenez, J.; Tur, C.; Ferreria, D.; Domínguez, R.; Sanchez-Oliver, A.J.; Martínez Sanz, J.M. Carbohydrate Availability and Physical Performance: Physiological Overview and Practical Recommendations. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1084.

AMA Style

Mata F, Valenzuela PL, Gimenez J, Tur C, Ferreria D, Domínguez R, Sanchez-Oliver AJ, Martínez Sanz JM. Carbohydrate Availability and Physical Performance: Physiological Overview and Practical Recommendations. Nutrients. 2019; 11(5):1084.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mata, Fernando, Pedro L. Valenzuela, Jaume Gimenez, Carles Tur, Diogo Ferreria, Raul Domínguez, Antonio J. Sanchez-Oliver, and José M. Martínez Sanz 2019. "Carbohydrate Availability and Physical Performance: Physiological Overview and Practical Recommendations" Nutrients 11, no. 5: 1084.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop