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Nutrients 2019, 11(4), 806; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11040806

Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy and Neonatal Anthropometric Parameters

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Clinic of Metabolic Diseases and Gastroenterology, Institute of Food and Nutrition, 02-903 Warsaw, Poland
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Received: 6 March 2019 / Revised: 27 March 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 9 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coffee and Caffeine Consumption for Human Health)
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PDF [263 KB, uploaded 21 April 2019]

Abstract

Caffeine is a psychoactive substance that may affect the normal course of pregnancy, therefore its intake during that time should not exceed 200 mg/day. The aim of this study was to evaluate caffeine intake among pregnant women from the Warsaw region. The study was conducted among 100 pregnant women who delivered at the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Oncology, Medical University of Warsaw. Caffeine intake from coffee, tea, and energy drinks was measured using a questionnaire. Direct interviewing was used, with all interviews conducted by the same dietitian. Multiple regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between caffeine intake and anthropometric measurements of the newborns. Mean caffeine intake among pregnant women was 68 ± 51 mg/day. Only 2% of the respondents exceeded the safe dose of 200 mg. Tea (mostly black) was the source of 63% of all caffeine. No relationships were found between caffeine intake and neonatal weight, length, or head and chest circumference (p > 0.05). Caffeine intake in our study population was relatively low and did not negatively affect fetal growth. View Full-Text
Keywords: caffeine; coffee; tea; energy drinks; pregnancy; newborn caffeine; coffee; tea; energy drinks; pregnancy; newborn
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wierzejska, R.; Jarosz, M.; Wojda, B. Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy and Neonatal Anthropometric Parameters. Nutrients 2019, 11, 806.

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