Next Article in Journal
Procyanidin—Cell Wall Interactions within Apple Matrices Decrease the Metabolization of Procyanidins by the Human Gut Microbiota and the Anti-Inflammatory Effect of the Resulting Microbial Metabolome In Vitro
Previous Article in Journal
U-Shaped Relationship between Serum Leptin Concentration and Cognitive Performance in Older Asian Adults
Previous Article in Special Issue
Caloric and Macronutrient Intake Differ with Circadian Phase and between Lean and Overweight Young Adults
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2019, 11(3), 663; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030663

Increased Hunger, Food Cravings, Food Reward, and Portion Size Selection after Sleep Curtailment in Women Without Obesity

1
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
2
College of Technology Architecture and Applied Engineering, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43402, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2019 / Revised: 28 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 19 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sleep, Nutrition, and Human Health)
  |  
PDF [439 KB, uploaded 19 March 2019]
  |  

Abstract

This study examined the effects of one night of sleep curtailment on hunger, food cravings, food reward, and portion size selection. Women who reported habitually sleeping 7–9 h per night, were aged 18–55, were not obese, and had no sleep disorders were recruited. Sleep conditions in this randomized crossover study consisted of a normal night (NN) and a curtailed night (CN) where time in bed was reduced by 33%. Hunger, tiredness, sleep quality, sleepiness, and food cravings were measured. A progressive ratio task using chocolates assessed the food reward. Participants selected portions of various foods that reflected how much they wanted to eat at that time. The sleep duration was measured using a single-channel electroencephalograph. Twenty-four participants completed the study. The total sleep time was shorter during the CN (p < 0.001). Participants reported increased hunger (p = 0.013), tiredness (p < 0.001), sleepiness (p < 0.001), and food cravings (p = 0.002) after the CN. More chocolate was consumed after the CN (p = 0.004). Larger portion sizes selected after the CN resulted in increased energy plated for lunch (p = 0.034). In conclusion, the present study observed increased hunger, food cravings, food reward, and portion sizes of food after a night of modest sleep curtailment. These maladaptive responses could lead to higher energy intake and, ultimately, weight gain. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; hunger; food cravings; food reward; portion size sleep; hunger; food cravings; food reward; portion size
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, C.-L.; Schnepp, J.; Tucker, R.M. Increased Hunger, Food Cravings, Food Reward, and Portion Size Selection after Sleep Curtailment in Women Without Obesity. Nutrients 2019, 11, 663.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top