Next Article in Journal
Maternal Iodine Status and Associations with Birth Outcomes in Three Major Cities in the United Kingdom
Next Article in Special Issue
Consumers’ Perceptions of Coffee Health Benefits and Motives for Coffee Consumption and Purchasing
Previous Article in Journal
Efficacy of Polydextrose Supplementation on Colonic Transit Time, Bowel Movements, and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Adults: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial
Previous Article in Special Issue
Urine Caffeine Concentration in Doping Control Samples from 2004 to 2015
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Caffeine Supplementation and Physical Performance, Muscle Damage and Perception of Fatigue in Soccer Players: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Biochemistry and Physiology, School of Physical Therapy, University of Valladolid, 42004 Soria, Spain
2
Laboratory of Human Performance, Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport, University of the Basque Country, 01007 Vitoria, Spain
3
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Camilo José Cela University, 28692 Madrid, Spain
4
Elikaesport, Nutrition, Innovation & Sport, 08290 Barcelona, Spain
5
Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Deusto, Campus of Donostia-San Sebastián, 20012 San Sebastián, Guipúzcoa, Spain
6
Department of Cellular Biology, Histology and Pharmacology. Faculty of Physical Therapy, University of Valladolid. Campus de Soria, 42004 Soria, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(2), 440; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020440
Received: 21 January 2019 / Revised: 1 February 2019 / Accepted: 15 February 2019 / Published: 20 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coffee and Caffeine Consumption for Human Health)
  |  
PDF [624 KB, uploaded 20 February 2019]
  |     |  

Abstract

Soccer is a complex team sport and success in this discipline depends on different factors such as physical fitness, player technique and team tactics, among others. In the last few years, several studies have described the impact of caffeine intake on soccer physical performance, but the results of these investigations have not been properly reviewed and summarized. The main objective of this review was to evaluate critically the effectiveness of a moderate dose of caffeine on soccer physical performance. A structured search was carried out following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines in the Medline/PubMed and Web of Science databases from January 2007 to November 2018. The search included studies with a cross-over and randomized experimental design in which the intake of caffeine (either from caffeinated drinks or pills) was compared to an identical placebo situation. There were no filters applied to the soccer players’ level, gender or age. This review included 17 articles that investigated the effects of caffeine on soccer-specific abilities (n = 12) or on muscle damage (n = 5). The review concluded that 5 investigations (100% of the number of investigations on this topic) had found ergogenic effects of caffeine on jump performance, 4 (100%) on repeated sprint ability and 2 (100%) on running distance during a simulated soccer game. However, only 1 investigation (25%) found as an effect of caffeine to increase serum markers of muscle damage, while no investigation reported an effect of caffeine to reduce perceived fatigue after soccer practice. In conclusion, a single and moderate dose of caffeine, ingested 5–60 min before a soccer practice, might produce valuable improvements in certain abilities related to enhanced soccer physical performance. However, caffeine does not seem to cause increased markers of muscle damage or changes in perceived exertion during soccer practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: football; RPE; DOMS; sport performance; supplementation; ergogenic aids football; RPE; DOMS; sport performance; supplementation; ergogenic aids
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mielgo-Ayuso, J.; Calleja-Gonzalez, J.; Del Coso, J.; Urdampilleta, A.; León-Guereño, P.; Fernández-Lázaro, D. Caffeine Supplementation and Physical Performance, Muscle Damage and Perception of Fatigue in Soccer Players: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2019, 11, 440.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top