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Open AccessArticle

Social Support, but Not Perceived Food Environment, Is Associated with Diet Quality in French-Speaking Canadians from the PREDISE Study

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Centre Nutrition, santé et société (NUTRISS), Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, Université Laval, 2440 Hochelage Boulevard, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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School of Nutrition, Université Laval, 2425, rue de l'Agriculture, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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School of Psychology, Laval University, 2325 allée des bibliothèques, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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Department of Family Medicine, Université de Sherbrooke, 18 avenue Antonine-Maillet, Moncton, NB E1A 3E9, Canada
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School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, 75 Laurier Ave E, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
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Department of Medical Biology, CIUSSS du Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, Saguenay, QC G7H 5H6, Canada
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Department of Biochemistry, Université de Sherbrooke, 2500 Boulevard de l'Université, Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada
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Nursing Department, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 3351 Boulevard des Forges, Trois-Rivières, QC G8Z 4M3, Canada
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Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Université de Sherbrooke, 3001 12e Ave N, Sherbrooke, QC J1H 5N4, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 3030; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11123030
Received: 8 November 2019 / Revised: 22 November 2019 / Accepted: 25 November 2019 / Published: 12 December 2019
The objectives were to assess whether social support for healthy eating and perceived food environment are associated with diet quality, and to investigate if sociodemographic characteristics moderate these associations. A probability sample of French-speaking adults from the Province of Québec, Canada, was recruited in the context of the PREDISE study. Participants reported their perceptions of supportive and non-supportive actions related to healthy eating from close others at home and outside of home (n = 952), and of the accessibility to healthy foods (n = 1035). The Canadian Healthy Eating Index (C-HEI) was calculated based on three Web-based 24 h food recalls. Multiple linear regression models showed that supportive (B = 1.50 (95% CI 0.46, 2.54)) and non-supportive (B = −3.06 (95% CI −4.94, −1.18)) actions related to healthy eating from close others at home were positively and negatively associated with C-HEI, respectively, whereas actions from close others outside of home were not. The negative association between non-supportive actions occurring at home and C-HEI was stronger among participants with lower (vs. higher) levels of education (p interaction = 0.03). Perceived accessibility to healthy foods was not associated with C-HEI (p > 0.05). These results suggest that the social environment may have a stronger influence on healthy eating than the perceived physical environment. This adds support for healthy eating promotion programs involving entire families, especially for more socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals, whose efforts to eat healthily may be more easily thwarted by non-supportive households. View Full-Text
Keywords: social support; food environment; diet quality; sociodemographic characteristics; healthy eating index social support; food environment; diet quality; sociodemographic characteristics; healthy eating index
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Carbonneau, E.; Lamarche, B.; Robitaille, J.; Provencher, V.; Desroches, S.; Vohl, M.-C.; Bégin, C.; Bélanger, M.; Couillard, C.; Pelletier, L.; Bouchard, L.; Houle, J.; Langlois, M.-F.; Corneau, L.; Lemieux, S. Social Support, but Not Perceived Food Environment, Is Associated with Diet Quality in French-Speaking Canadians from the PREDISE Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 3030.

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