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Open AccessReview

Dietary Patterns and Components in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): What Key Messages Can Health Care Providers Offer?

1
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 4Z6, Canada
2
Community Health Sciences, O’Brien Institute for Public Health, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4Z6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 2878; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11122878
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 19 November 2019 / Accepted: 20 November 2019 / Published: 26 November 2019
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a rising epidemic worldwide and will be the leading cause of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver transplant within the next decade. NAFLD is considered as the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. Behaviors, such as a sedentary lifestyle and consuming a Western diet, have led to substantial challenges in managing NAFLD patients. With no curative pharmaceutical therapies, lifestyle modifications, including dietary changes and exercise, that ultimately lead to weight loss remain the only effective therapy for NAFLD. Multiple diets, including low-carbohydrate, low-fat, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and Mediterranean (MD) diets, have been evaluated. NAFLD patients have shown better outcomes with a modified diet, such as the MD diet, where patients are encouraged to increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and olive oil. It is increasingly clear that a personalized approach to managing NAFLD patients, based on their preferences and needs, should be implemented. In our review, we cover NAFLD management, with a specific focus on dietary patterns and their components. We emphasize the successful approaches highlighted in recent studies to provide recommendations that health care providers could apply in managing their NAFLD patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; Mediterranean diet; lifestyle change; weight loss non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; Mediterranean diet; lifestyle change; weight loss
MDPI and ACS Style

Riazi, K.; Raman, M.; Taylor, L.; Swain, M.G.; Shaheen, A.A. Dietary Patterns and Components in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): What Key Messages Can Health Care Providers Offer? Nutrients 2019, 11, 2878.

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