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Open AccessReview

Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Essential Oils of Curcuma Species

1
Aromatic Plant Research Center, 230 N 1200 E, Suite 102, Lehi, UT 84043, USA
2
Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(9), 1196; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091196
Received: 4 August 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phytochemicals in Health and Disease)
Members of the genus Curcuma L. have been used in traditional medicine for centuries for treating gastrointestinal disorders, pain, inflammatory conditions, wounds, and for cancer prevention and antiaging, among others. Many of the biological activities of Curcuma species can be attributed to nonvolatile curcuminoids, but these plants also produce volatile chemicals. Essential oils, in general, have shown numerous beneficial effects for health maintenance and treatment of diseases. Essential oils from Curcuma spp., particularly C. longa, have demonstrated various health-related biological activities and several essential oil companies have recently marketed Curcuma oils. This review summarizes the volatile components of various Curcuma species, the biological activities of Curcuma essential oils, and potential safety concerns of Curcuma essential oils and their components. View Full-Text
Keywords: Curcuma aeruginosa; Curcuma glans; Curcuma longa; Curcuma mangga; Curcuma zanthorrhiza; Curcuma zedoaria Curcuma aeruginosa; Curcuma glans; Curcuma longa; Curcuma mangga; Curcuma zanthorrhiza; Curcuma zedoaria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dosoky, N.S.; Setzer, W.N. Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Essential Oils of Curcuma Species. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1196.

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