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Open AccessArticle

Nutrition of Preterm Infants and Raw Breast Milk-Acquired Cytomegalovirus Infection: French National Audit of Clinical Practices and Diagnostic Approach

1
Pediatric Emergency Department, AP-HP, Robert Debre Hospital, 48 Boulevard Serurier, 75019 Paris, France
2
Neonatology Department, AP-HP, Armand Trousseau Hospital, 26 Avenue du Dr Arnold Netter, 75012 Paris, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 1119; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081119
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 9 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 18 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Breastfeeding and Human Lactation)
Raw breast milk is the optimal nutrition for infants, but it is also the primary cause of acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Thus, many countries have chosen to contraindicate to feed raw breast milk preterm infants from CMV-positive mothers before a corrected age of 32 weeks or under a weight of 1500 g. French national recommendations have not been updated since 2005. An audit of the French practices regarding the nutrition with raw breast milk in preterm infants was carried out using a questionnaire sent to all neonatal care units. Diagnosed postnatal milk-acquired CMV infections have been analysed using hospitalisation reports. Seventy-five percent of the neonatal units responded: 24% complied with the French recommendations, 20% contraindicated raw breast milk to all infants before 32 weeks regardless of the mothers’ CMV-status, whereas 25% fed all preterm infants unconditionally with raw breast milk. Thirty-five cases of infants with milk-acquired CMV infections have been reported. The diagnosis was undeniable for five patients. In France, a high heterogeneity marks medical practices concerning the use of raw breast milk and the diagnostic approach for breast milk-acquired CMV infection is often incomplete. In this context, updated national recommendations and monitored CMV infections are urgently needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: raw breast milk; cytomegalovirus; milk-acquired infections; preterm infant raw breast milk; cytomegalovirus; milk-acquired infections; preterm infant
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Lopes, A.-A.; Champion, V.; Mitanchez, D. Nutrition of Preterm Infants and Raw Breast Milk-Acquired Cytomegalovirus Infection: French National Audit of Clinical Practices and Diagnostic Approach. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1119.

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