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Article

Beverage Consumption Patterns among Infants and Young Children (0–47.9 Months): Data from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study, 2016

1
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr, Durham, NC 27708, USA
2
Nestlé Research Center, Vers-Chez-les-Blanc, Route du Jorat 57, Case Postale 44, 1000 Lausanne-26, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 825; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070825
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 18 June 2018 / Accepted: 22 June 2018 / Published: 26 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Early Life Nutrition: From Nutrients to Systems)
(1) Background: Data about early life beverage intake patterns is sparse. We describe beverage patterns among infants and young children from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2016. (2) Methods: FITS 2016 is a cross-sectional survey of U.S. parents/caregivers of children 0–47.9 months (n = 3235). Food and beverage intakes were collected by 24-h dietary recalls to describe beverage consumption patterns including: a) prevalence of consumption, per capita and per consumer intake, b) contribution to intake of calories and key nutrients, and c) prevalence according to eating occasions. (3) Results: Breast milk and infant formula were commonly consumed among <12-month-olds. Among 12–23.9-month-olds, the most commonly consumed beverage was whole milk (67% consuming), followed by 100% juice (50% consuming). Plain drinking water was consumed by 70% of 12–23.9-month-olds and 78% of 24–47.9-month-olds. Among 12–47.9-month-olds, milks provided more energy and key nutrients than all other beverages. Across eating occasions, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption, especially in the form of fruit-flavored drinks, was higher among 24–47.9 compared to 12–23.9-month-olds. Only 23–32% of ≥12-month-olds consumed milk or water at lunch or dinner. (4) Conclusions: Opportunities exist to improve beverage patterns. Future interventions may benefit from focusing on timely introduction of age-appropriate beverages and reducing consumption of SSBs. View Full-Text
Keywords: Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study; FITS 2016; beverage intake; breastfeeding; infants; toddlers; preschoolers; sugar-sweetened beverages; juice; water; milk Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study; FITS 2016; beverage intake; breastfeeding; infants; toddlers; preschoolers; sugar-sweetened beverages; juice; water; milk
MDPI and ACS Style

Kay, M.C.; Welker, E.B.; Jacquier, E.F.; Story, M.T. Beverage Consumption Patterns among Infants and Young Children (0–47.9 Months): Data from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study, 2016. Nutrients 2018, 10, 825. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070825

AMA Style

Kay MC, Welker EB, Jacquier EF, Story MT. Beverage Consumption Patterns among Infants and Young Children (0–47.9 Months): Data from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study, 2016. Nutrients. 2018; 10(7):825. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070825

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kay, Melissa C., Emily B. Welker, Emma F. Jacquier, and Mary T. Story 2018. "Beverage Consumption Patterns among Infants and Young Children (0–47.9 Months): Data from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study, 2016" Nutrients 10, no. 7: 825. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070825

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