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Open AccessReview

Dietary Patterns of Children and Adolescents from High, Medium and Low Human Development Countries and Associated Socioeconomic Factors: A Systematic Review

1
Postgraduate Program in Nutrition, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Santa Catarina, CCS/UFSC, Campus Trindade, Florianopolis 88040-900, Brazil
2
Postgraduate Program in Human Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília (UnB), Brasilia-DF 70910-900, Brazil
3
Preventive Medicine Department, University of São Paulo (FMUSP), São Paulo 01246-903, Brazil
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Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
5
Brazilian Centre for Evidence-Based Research Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina CCS/UFSC, Campus Trindade, Florianopolis 88040-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(4), 436; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10040436
Received: 2 March 2018 / Revised: 14 March 2018 / Accepted: 28 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Patterns, Diet Quality and Human Health)
The purpose of this systematic review is to assess the associations among education, income and dietary pattern (DP) in children and adolescents from high, medium and low human development countries (HHDC, MHDC and LHDC, respectively). Observational studies that evaluated the association between family income or education with the DP are obtained through electronic database searches. Forty articles are selected for review. In HHDC, education is inversely associated with “unhealthy” DP and positively associated with “healthy” DP. In cross-sectional studies from HHDC, higher income is negatively associated with “unhealthy” DP. In MHDC, there is no association between the socioeconomic variables (SE) and the DPs, although, in some studies, the unhealthy diet is positively associated with SE. Only one study conducted in LHDC showed an inverse association between income/education with “unhealthy” DP and there is no association between the SE and “healthy” DP. In conclusion, children and adolescents living in HHDC with high parental education tend to have a healthier diet. In MHDC, although an unhealthy diet is found among the high-income and educated population, the associations are not clear. Additional research is needed to clarify the associations between income and education with “unhealthy” and “healthy” DPs in MHDC and LHDC. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns analysis; child; adolescent; socioeconomic factors; systematic review dietary patterns analysis; child; adolescent; socioeconomic factors; systematic review
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Hinnig, P.D.F.; Monteiro, J.S.; De Assis, M.A.A.; Levy, R.B.; Peres, M.A.; Perazi, F.M.; Porporatti, A.L.; Canto, G.D.L. Dietary Patterns of Children and Adolescents from High, Medium and Low Human Development Countries and Associated Socioeconomic Factors: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2018, 10, 436.

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