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Open AccessArticle

Sodium Content of Lunches and Snacks Provided in Australian Long Day Care Centres: A Cross-Sectional Study

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
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Nutrients 2018, 10(3), 284; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10030284
Received: 8 January 2018 / Revised: 8 February 2018 / Accepted: 26 February 2018 / Published: 28 February 2018
We determined the average amount of sodium provided in lunches and snacks and the average amount of sodium consumed at lunch in a convenience sample of Australian preschool children attending Long Day Care (LDC). Sodium content of lunches and snacks was determined from standardised recipes. Individual children’s sodium intake was estimated by a validated visual plate waste scale method. Five recipes (lunch n = 35, snacks n = 70) collected from 7 LDC centres; 95 children (50 boys) mean age 3.5 (SD) (0.2) years lunch intakes were assessed. Average total amount of sodium provided from two snacks and one lunch: 590 (146) mg, representing ~59% of the Australian Upper Level (UL) of intake (1000 mg/day sodium). Average total amount of sodium consumed: 541 (98) mg representing ~54% of the UL. Across all centres, the average sodium and energy consumed from lunch: 186 (108) mg (~19% of UL); 948 (437) kJ (38% of energy allowance); morning snacks: 63 (45) mg (6% of UL), 535 (183) kJ (21% of energy allowance); afternoon snacks: 291 (97) mg (29% of UL), 464 (171) kJ energy (46% of energy allowance). Australian LDC centres providing lunches cooked on site resulted in relatively low-sodium lunches. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; childcare; sodium; menus; diet; salt children; childcare; sodium; menus; diet; salt
MDPI and ACS Style

O’Halloran, S.A.; Lacy, K.E.; Grimes, C.A.; Campbell, K.J.; Nowson, C.A. Sodium Content of Lunches and Snacks Provided in Australian Long Day Care Centres: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 284.

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