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Nutrients 2018, 10(11), 1680; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111680

Protective Effects of Dioscorea batatas Flesh and Peel Extracts against Ethanol-Induced Gastric Ulcer in Mice

1
School of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
2
Forest Resources Development Institute of Gyeongsangbuk-do, Andong 36605, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 October 2018 / Revised: 24 October 2018 / Accepted: 2 November 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inflammation- An Ancient Battle. What are the Roles of Nutrients?)
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Abstract

Gastric ulcer is a major digestive disorder and provoked by multifactorial etiologies, including excessive alcohol consumption. In this study, we examined the gastroprotective effect of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Dioscorea batatas Decne (DBD; commonly called Chinese yam) flesh or peel against acidified ethanol-induced acute gastric damage in mice. Our findings demonstrated that oral supplementation of aqueous or ethanolic extracts of DBD flesh or peel before ulcer induction was significantly effective in macroscopically and histologically alleviating ethanol-induced pathological lesions in gastric mucosa, decreasing the plasma levels of inflammatory mediators, such as nitric oxide and interleukin-6, attenuating the gastric expression of cyclooxygenase-2, and increasing the gastric content of prostaglandin E2. In particular, pretreatment with the flesh extract prepared in 60% ethanol prominently decreased the expression of biomarkers of oxidative stress, including the plasma levels of 8-hydroxy-2-guanosine and malondialdehyde, and restored heme oxygenase-1 expression and superoxide dismutase activity in the stomach. Overall, these findings suggest that the oral supplementation with DBD extract, especially flesh ethanol extract, prior to excessive alcohol consumption, may exert a protective effect against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage in vivo, presumably through the activation of the antioxidant system and suppression of the inflammatory response. View Full-Text
Keywords: Dioscorea batatas Decne; ethanol-induced damage; gastric ulcer; inflammation; antioxidant Dioscorea batatas Decne; ethanol-induced damage; gastric ulcer; inflammation; antioxidant
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Byeon, S.; Oh, J.; Lim, J.S.; Lee, J.S.; Kim, J.-S. Protective Effects of Dioscorea batatas Flesh and Peel Extracts against Ethanol-Induced Gastric Ulcer in Mice. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1680.

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