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Open AccessArticle

Association between Genetic Variant of Apolipoprotein C3 and Incident Hypertension Stratified by Obesity and Physical Activity in Korea

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Department of Public Health Sciences, BK21PLUS Program in Embodiment: Health-Society Interaction, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
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Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 17104, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(11), 1595; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111595
Received: 14 September 2018 / Revised: 21 October 2018 / Accepted: 25 October 2018 / Published: 30 October 2018
Apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) is an important regulator of lipoprotein metabolism, and has been shown to be strongly associated with hypertriglyceridemia. We tested whether triglyceride-influencing genetic variants at APOC3 (T-455C, C-482T, C1100T, and SstI) are associated with the onset of hypertension (HTN) among Korean adults stratified by lifestyle-related factors in the Ansung–Ansan cohort within the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. After excluding participants with preexisting cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and HTN, a total of 5239 men and women were included at baseline (2001–2002), and followed up for a median of 9.8 years. Carriers of the C allele of C1100T with body mass index <25 kg/m2 showed a significantly lower HTN risk (hazard ratio (HR) than non-carriers: 0.87, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.77–0.98) after adjusting for covariates. In addition, carriers of the C allele of T-455C and the T allele of C-482T with low physical activity had lower incident HTN than non-carriers (HR: 1.14, 95% CI: 1.03–1.26; HR: 1.13, 95% CI: 1.02–1.25). Our results suggest that genotype effects in APOC3 on HTN risk have been shown in lean carriers of the C allele of C1100T and in less active people having the C allele of T-455C and T allele of C-482T in a large sample of the Korean population. View Full-Text
Keywords: apolipoprotein C3; genetic variant; hypertension; obesity; physical activity; triglyceride apolipoprotein C3; genetic variant; hypertension; obesity; physical activity; triglyceride
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Jo, G.; Kwak, S.-Y.; Kim, J.Y.; Lim, H.; Shin, M.-J. Association between Genetic Variant of Apolipoprotein C3 and Incident Hypertension Stratified by Obesity and Physical Activity in Korea. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1595.

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