Next Article in Journal
Effect of Consumption of Cocoa-Derived Products on Uric Acid Crystallization in Urine of Healthy Volunteers
Previous Article in Journal
Spatial Disparity in Food Environment and Household Economic Resources Related to Food Insecurity in Rural Korean Households with Older Adults
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1515; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101515

Dairy Foods and Body Mass Index over 10-Year: Evidence from the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study

1
Institute for Food, Nutrition and Health, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AR, UK
2
Institut Paul Bocuse, Chateau Du Vivier, BP 25-69131 Ecully CEDEX, France
3
Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 August 2018 / Revised: 21 September 2018 / Accepted: 12 October 2018 / Published: 16 October 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [240 KB, uploaded 16 October 2018]

Abstract

The association between dairy product consumption and body mass index (BMI) remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between total dairy, milk, cheese, cream and butter consumption and BMI change over a 10-year follow-up by using long-term follow-up cohort data from the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study (CAPS). The CAPS included 2512 men aged 45–59 years at baseline, who were followed up at 5-year intervals for over 20-year. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire estimated the intake of dairy consumption, including milk, cheese, cream and butter at baseline, 5-year and 10-year follow-up. In total, men free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer (n = 1690) were included in current analysis. General linear regression and logistic regression were used for data analysis. The results showed higher cheese consumption was associated with lower BMI at the 5-year follow-up (p = 0.013). There was no evidence that higher consumption of total dairy, milk, cream and butter were significantly associated with BMI during the over the 10-year following-up. This study suggest that cheese consumption have beneficial effects on lowering BMI, which needs further investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy; milk; cheese; cream; butter; body mass index dairy; milk; cheese; cream; butter; body mass index
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, J.; Dougkas, A.; Elwood, P.C.; Givens, D.I. Dairy Foods and Body Mass Index over 10-Year: Evidence from the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1515.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top