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Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1515;

Dairy Foods and Body Mass Index over 10-Year: Evidence from the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study

Institute for Food, Nutrition and Health, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AR, UK
Institut Paul Bocuse, Chateau Du Vivier, BP 25-69131 Ecully CEDEX, France
Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 August 2018 / Revised: 21 September 2018 / Accepted: 12 October 2018 / Published: 16 October 2018
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The association between dairy product consumption and body mass index (BMI) remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between total dairy, milk, cheese, cream and butter consumption and BMI change over a 10-year follow-up by using long-term follow-up cohort data from the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study (CAPS). The CAPS included 2512 men aged 45–59 years at baseline, who were followed up at 5-year intervals for over 20-year. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire estimated the intake of dairy consumption, including milk, cheese, cream and butter at baseline, 5-year and 10-year follow-up. In total, men free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer (n = 1690) were included in current analysis. General linear regression and logistic regression were used for data analysis. The results showed higher cheese consumption was associated with lower BMI at the 5-year follow-up (p = 0.013). There was no evidence that higher consumption of total dairy, milk, cream and butter were significantly associated with BMI during the over the 10-year following-up. This study suggest that cheese consumption have beneficial effects on lowering BMI, which needs further investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy; milk; cheese; cream; butter; body mass index dairy; milk; cheese; cream; butter; body mass index
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Guo, J.; Dougkas, A.; Elwood, P.C.; Givens, D.I. Dairy Foods and Body Mass Index over 10-Year: Evidence from the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1515.

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