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Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1431; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101431

Anthropometric Status among 6–9-Year-Old School Children in Rural Areas in Hai Phong City, Vietnam

1
Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, VIC 3125, Australia
2
Biostatistics Unit, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Melbourne, VIC 3125, Australia
3
National Institute of Nutrition, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
4
Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
5
Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC 3216, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 August 2018 / Revised: 19 September 2018 / Accepted: 26 September 2018 / Published: 4 October 2018
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Abstract

A double burden of malnutrition in Vietnamese children has emerged as a key challenge: childhood undernutrition remains a public health concern while childhood overweight/obesity has gradually increased. This study aimed to (1) estimate the prevalence of undernutrition and overnutrition among 6–9-year-old primary school children in rural areas of Vietnam, and (2) identify sociodemographic factors associated with undernutrition and overnutrition in this population. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in October 2016 in 2334 children from eight primary schools in rural areas in Hai Phong City, Vietnam. Anthropometric and demographic data were collected. The prevalence of underweight, stunting, wasting, and anthropometric failure was 8.0%, 5.1%, 5.3%, and 11.9%, respectively. Up to 22.1% of children were affected by overweight/obesity, and 31.0% by abdominal overweight/obesity. Low maternal education was associated with higher odds of underweight and anthropometric failure, whereas overweight/obesity or abdominal overweight/obesity were more likely in boys and children of mothers with a high education level. This study provides evidence for a double burden of diseases among primary school children in rural areas in Hai Phong City. Future interventions for the prevention and control of childhood undernutrition and overweight/obesity should take into account child sex and maternal education level. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vietnam; malnutrition; undernutrition; overweight and obesity; abdominal obesity; double burden of diseases; school children Vietnam; malnutrition; undernutrition; overweight and obesity; abdominal obesity; double burden of diseases; school children
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Hoang, N.T.; Orellana, L.; Le, T.D.; Gibson, R.S.; Worsley, A.F.; Sinclair, A.J.; Szymlek-Gay, E.A. Anthropometric Status among 6–9-Year-Old School Children in Rural Areas in Hai Phong City, Vietnam. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1431.

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