Serum Carotenoids Reveal Poor Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Schoolchildren in Burkina Faso
AbstractThe health benefits of fruits and vegetables are well-documented. Those rich in provitamin A carotenoids are good sources of vitamin A. This cross-sectional study indirectly assessed fruit and vegetable intakes using serum carotenoids in 193 schoolchildren aged 7 to 12 years in the Western part of Burkina Faso. The mean total serum carotenoid concentration was 0.23 ± 0.29 µmol/L, which included α- and β-carotene, lutein, and β-cryptoxanthin, and determined with serum retinol concentrations in a single analysis with high performance liquid chromatography. Serum retinol concentration was 0.80 ± 0.35 µmol/L with 46% of children (n = 88) having low values <0.7 µmol/L. Total serum carotene (the sum of α- and β-carotene) concentration was 0.13 ± 0.24 µmol/L, well below the reference range of 0.9–3.7 µmol carotene/L used to assess habitual intake of fruits and vegetables. Individual carotenoid concentrations were determined for α-carotene (0.01 ± 0.05 µmol/L), β-carotene (0.17 ± 0.24 µmol/L), β-cryptoxanthin (0.07 ± 0.06 µmol/L), and lutein (0.06 ± 0.05 µmol/L). These results confirm the previously measured high prevalence of low serum vitamin A concentrations and adds information about low serum carotenoids among schoolchildren suggesting that they have low intakes of provitamin A-rich fruits and vegetables. View Full-Text
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Bationo, J.F.; Zeba, A.N.; Abbeddou, S.; Coulibaly, N.D.; Sombier, O.O.; Sheftel, J.; Bassole, I.H.N.; Barro, N.; Ouedraogo, J.B.; Tanumihardjo, S.A. Serum Carotenoids Reveal Poor Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Schoolchildren in Burkina Faso. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1422.
Bationo JF, Zeba AN, Abbeddou S, Coulibaly ND, Sombier OO, Sheftel J, Bassole IHN, Barro N, Ouedraogo JB, Tanumihardjo SA. Serum Carotenoids Reveal Poor Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Schoolchildren in Burkina Faso. Nutrients. 2018; 10(10):1422.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bationo, Jean F.; Zeba, Augustin N.; Abbeddou, Souheila; Coulibaly, Nadine D.; Sombier, Olivier O.; Sheftel, Jesse; Bassole, Imael H.N.; Barro, Nicolas; Ouedraogo, Jean B.; Tanumihardjo, Sherry A. 2018. "Serum Carotenoids Reveal Poor Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Schoolchildren in Burkina Faso." Nutrients 10, no. 10: 1422.
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