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Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1422; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101422

Serum Carotenoids Reveal Poor Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Schoolchildren in Burkina Faso

1
Centre Muraz, Post Office Box 390, Bobo Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso
2
Institute de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Post Office Box 545, Bobo Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso
3
University of Ghent, Department Public Health; 9000 Ghent, Belgium
4
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Nutritional Sciences Department; Madison, WI 53706, USA
5
Université Ouaga 1 Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 August 2018 / Revised: 19 September 2018 / Accepted: 27 September 2018 / Published: 4 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carotenoids and Human Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1068 KB, uploaded 4 October 2018]   |  

Abstract

The health benefits of fruits and vegetables are well-documented. Those rich in provitamin A carotenoids are good sources of vitamin A. This cross-sectional study indirectly assessed fruit and vegetable intakes using serum carotenoids in 193 schoolchildren aged 7 to 12 years in the Western part of Burkina Faso. The mean total serum carotenoid concentration was 0.23 ± 0.29 µmol/L, which included α- and β-carotene, lutein, and β-cryptoxanthin, and determined with serum retinol concentrations in a single analysis with high performance liquid chromatography. Serum retinol concentration was 0.80 ± 0.35 µmol/L with 46% of children (n = 88) having low values <0.7 µmol/L. Total serum carotene (the sum of α- and β-carotene) concentration was 0.13 ± 0.24 µmol/L, well below the reference range of 0.9–3.7 µmol carotene/L used to assess habitual intake of fruits and vegetables. Individual carotenoid concentrations were determined for α-carotene (0.01 ± 0.05 µmol/L), β-carotene (0.17 ± 0.24 µmol/L), β-cryptoxanthin (0.07 ± 0.06 µmol/L), and lutein (0.06 ± 0.05 µmol/L). These results confirm the previously measured high prevalence of low serum vitamin A concentrations and adds information about low serum carotenoids among schoolchildren suggesting that they have low intakes of provitamin A-rich fruits and vegetables. View Full-Text
Keywords: α-carotene; β-carotene; β-cryptoxanthin; carotenoids; lutein; provitamin A; retinol; vitamin A α-carotene; β-carotene; β-cryptoxanthin; carotenoids; lutein; provitamin A; retinol; vitamin A
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Bationo, J.F.; Zeba, A.N.; Abbeddou, S.; Coulibaly, N.D.; Sombier, O.O.; Sheftel, J.; Bassole, I.H.N.; Barro, N.; Ouedraogo, J.B.; Tanumihardjo, S.A. Serum Carotenoids Reveal Poor Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Schoolchildren in Burkina Faso. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1422.

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