Next Article in Journal
A 4-Year Climatological Analysis Based on GPM Observations of Deep Convective Events in the Mediterranean Region
Next Article in Special Issue
The 2008–2010 Subsidence of Dallol Volcano on the Spreading Erta Ale Ridge: InSAR Observations and Source Models
Previous Article in Journal
Citizen Science Tools Reveal Changes in Estuarine Water Quality Following Demolition of Buildings
Previous Article in Special Issue
Ground Deformation Modelling of the 2020 Mw6.9 Samos Earthquake (Greece) Based on InSAR and GNSS Data

Review of Works Combining GNSS and InSAR in Europe

Earth Science Department of the University of Firenze, Via La Pira 4, 50121 Firenze, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mimmo Palano
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(9), 1684;
Received: 31 March 2021 / Revised: 22 April 2021 / Accepted: 24 April 2021 / Published: 27 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ground Deformation Patterns Detection by InSAR and GNSS Techniques)
The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) can be combined to achieve different goals, owing to their main principles. Both enable the collection of information about ground deformation due to the differences of two consequent acquisitions. Their variable applications, even if strictly related to ground deformation and water vapor determination, have encouraged the scientific community to combine GNSS and InSAR data and their derivable products. In this work, more than 190 scientific contributions were collected spanning the whole European continent. The spatial and temporal distribution of such studies, as well as the distinction in different fields of application, were analyzed. Research in Italy, as the most represented nation, with 47 scientific contributions, has been dedicated to the spatial and temporal distribution of its studied phenomena. The state-of-the-art of the various applications of these two combined techniques can improve the knowledge of the scientific community and help in the further development of new approaches or additional applications in different fields. The demonstrated usefulness and versability of the combination of GNSS and InSAR remote sensing techniques for different purposes, as well as the availability of free data, EUREF and GMS (Ground Motion Service), and the possibility of overcoming some limitations of these techniques through their combination suggest an increasingly widespread approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: GNSS; GPS; InSAR; Europe; Italy; PS GNSS; GPS; InSAR; Europe; Italy; PS
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Del Soldato, M.; Confuorto, P.; Bianchini, S.; Sbarra, P.; Casagli, N. Review of Works Combining GNSS and InSAR in Europe. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 1684.

AMA Style

Del Soldato M, Confuorto P, Bianchini S, Sbarra P, Casagli N. Review of Works Combining GNSS and InSAR in Europe. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(9):1684.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Del Soldato, Matteo, Pierluigi Confuorto, Silvia Bianchini, Paolo Sbarra, and Nicola Casagli. 2021. "Review of Works Combining GNSS and InSAR in Europe" Remote Sensing 13, no. 9: 1684.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop