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Reply published on 8 December 2020, see Remote Sens. 2020, 12(24), 4016.
Comment

Comment on “Pre-Collapse Space Geodetic Observations of Critical Infrastructure: The Morandi Bridge, Genoa, Italy” by Milillo et al. (2019)

1
Institute for the Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment—National Research Council (IREA-CNR), Via Diocleziano 328, 80124 Naples, Italy
2
Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis—National Research Council (IMAA-CNR), C. da S. Loja-Z.I., 85050 Tito Scalo, Italy
3
Department of Engineering, University of Naples “Parthenope”, Centro Direzionale Isola C4, 80133 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(24), 4011; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12244011
Received: 9 July 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 1 December 2020 / Published: 8 December 2020
We present in this comment a Multi-Temporal SAR Interferometry (MT-InSAR) analysis showing that the results published by Milillo et al. (2019) in the Remote Sensing Journal, presenting the evidence of space geodetic observations relevant to displacements occurring before the collapse of the Morandi Bridge, happened in Genova (Italy) on the 14 August 2018, are questionable. In particular, we focus on the InSAR results obtained by Milillo et al. (2019) by processing the 3 m × 3 m resolution COSMO-SkyMed (CSK) data collected from ascending and descending orbits on the area of interest. These results, thanks to the high spatial resolution and the short revisit time characterizing this multi-orbit SAR dataset, represent the cornerstone of their analysis. The main findings of their study allow Milillo et al. to conclude that the InSAR processing of this COSMO-SkyMed dataset reveals the increased deformation magnitude over time of points located near the strands of the deck next to the collapsed pier, between 12 March 2017 and August 2018. In this comment, we show the results obtained by the IREA-CNR SAR team after processing the same ascending and descending CSK dataset, but by using two alternative and independent processing techniques: the Small BAseline Subset (SBAS) and the Advanced Tomographic SAR (TomoSAR) approaches, respectively. Our analysis shows that, although both the SBAS and the TomoSAR analyses allow achieving denser coherent pixel maps relevant to the Morandi bridge, nothing of the pre-collapse large displacements reported in Milillo et al. (2019) appears in our results, leading us to deeply disagree with the findings of their InSAR analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: bridge collapse; infrastructures monitoring; InSAR; deformation time series; SBAS; TomoSAR bridge collapse; infrastructures monitoring; InSAR; deformation time series; SBAS; TomoSAR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lanari, R.; Reale, D.; Bonano, M.; Verde, S.; Muhammad, Y.; Fornaro, G.; Casu, F.; Manunta, M. Comment on “Pre-Collapse Space Geodetic Observations of Critical Infrastructure: The Morandi Bridge, Genoa, Italy” by Milillo et al. (2019). Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 4011. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12244011

AMA Style

Lanari R, Reale D, Bonano M, Verde S, Muhammad Y, Fornaro G, Casu F, Manunta M. Comment on “Pre-Collapse Space Geodetic Observations of Critical Infrastructure: The Morandi Bridge, Genoa, Italy” by Milillo et al. (2019). Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(24):4011. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12244011

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lanari, Riccardo, Diego Reale, Manuela Bonano, Simona Verde, Yasir Muhammad, Gianfranco Fornaro, Francesco Casu, and Michele Manunta. 2020. "Comment on “Pre-Collapse Space Geodetic Observations of Critical Infrastructure: The Morandi Bridge, Genoa, Italy” by Milillo et al. (2019)" Remote Sensing 12, no. 24: 4011. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12244011

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