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Open AccessArticle

Investigation of Ground Deformation in Taiyuan Basin, China from 2003 to 2010, with Atmosphere-Corrected Time Series InSAR

by Wei Tang 1,†, Peng Yuan 2, Mingsheng Liao 3,* and Timo Balz 3
College of Geoscience and Surveying Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083, China
Geodetic Institute, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences, Department of Geodesy, Section of Remote Sensing, 14473 Potsdam, Germany.
Remote Sens. 2018, 10(9), 1499;
Received: 1 August 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 7 September 2018 / Published: 19 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Imaging Geodesy and Infrastructure Monitoring)
Excessive groundwater exploitation is common through the Taiyuan basin, China, and is well known to result in ground subsidence. However, most ground subsidence studies in this region focus on a single place (Taiyuan city), and thus fail to demonstrate the regional extent of the deformation phenomena in the whole basin. In this study, we used Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) time series analysis to investigate land subsidence across the entire Taiyuan basin region. Our data set includes a total of 75 ENVISAT ASAR images from two different frames acquired from August 2003 to September 2010 and 33 TerraSAR-X scenes spanning between March 2009 and March 2010. ERA-Interim reanalysis was used to correct the stratified delay to reduce the bias expected from the systematic components of tropospheric delay. The residual delay after correction of stratified delay can be considered as a stochastic component and be mitigated through spatial-temporal filtering. A comparison with MERIS (Medium-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) measurements indicates that our atmospheric corrections improved agreement over the conventional spatial-temporal filtering by about 20%. The displacement results from our atmosphere-corrected time series InSAR were further validated with continuous GPS data. We found eight subsiding centers in the basin and a surface uplift to the north of Taiyuan city. The causes of ground deformation are analyzed and discussed in relation to gravity data, pre-existing faults, and types of land use. View Full-Text
Keywords: InSAR; tropospheric delay correction; seasonal delay; land subsidence InSAR; tropospheric delay correction; seasonal delay; land subsidence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, W.; Yuan, P.; Liao, M.; Balz, T. Investigation of Ground Deformation in Taiyuan Basin, China from 2003 to 2010, with Atmosphere-Corrected Time Series InSAR. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1499.

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