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The Spatiotemporal Variation of Drought in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region (BTHMR) Based on the Modified TVDI

1,2,3, 2,3,*, 1, 2,4, 2,4 and 2,3,4
College of Geomatics, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
College of Mining and Geomatics, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan 056038, China
Collaborative Innovation Center of Comprehensive Development and Utilization of Coal Resource, Handan 056021, China
Research Center of Hebei Province Ecological Civilization and Social Governance, Handan 056021, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1327;
Received: 19 October 2016 / Revised: 27 November 2016 / Accepted: 13 December 2016 / Published: 16 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Ecosystems and Society in the Context of Big and New Data)
PDF [5407 KB, uploaded 16 December 2016]


This study proposes a modified vegetation-dependent temperature-vegetation dryness index (TVDI) model for analyzing regional drought disasters in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region (BTHMR) of China. First, MODIS monthly normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), land surface temperature (LST) data and land use/cover data (Land cover type2) were pre-processed as a consistent big dataset. The land use/cover data were modified and integrated into six primary types. Then, these land types were used as the base data layer to calculate the TVDI by parameterizing the relationship between the MODIS NDVI and LST data. By emphasizing different types of land uses, this study was able to compare and analyze the differences of the TVDI indices between the entire study area (no consideration of the land types) and the six classified land uses. The soil moisture data were used to validate the modified TVDI values based on different land uses, which confirmed that the modified model more effectively reflected drought conditions. Finally, the aforementioned model was used to analyze the temporal and spatial variation of drought experienced by vegetation cover from 2000 to 2014. The results of the modified model were validated with the synchronized soil moisture and precipitation data. The case study clearly demonstrated that the modified TVDI model, which is based on different vegetation indexes, could better reflect the drought conditions of the study area. View Full-Text
Keywords: BTHMR; TVDI; drought; spatiotemporal variation BTHMR; TVDI; drought; spatiotemporal variation

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Liu, H.; Zhang, A.; Jiang, T.; Lv, H.; Liu, X.; Wang, H. The Spatiotemporal Variation of Drought in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region (BTHMR) Based on the Modified TVDI. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1327.

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