Next Article in Journal
How Do Differences in Land Ownership Types in China Affect Land Development? A Case from Beijing
Next Article in Special Issue
A New Optimization Model for the Sustainable Development: Quadratic Knapsack Problem with Conflict Graphs
Previous Article in Journal
Distributed Demand Side Management with Battery Storage for Smart Home Energy Scheduling
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Spatiotemporal Variation of Drought in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region (BTHMR) Based on the Modified TVDI
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 124;

Does Suburbanization Cause Ecological Deterioration? An Empirical Analysis of Shanghai, China

School of Mining and Geomatics, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan 056021, Hebei, China
Collaborative Innovation Center of Comprehensive Development and Utilization of Coal Resource, Handan 056021, Hebei, China
College of Surveying and Geo-Informatics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yichun Xie, Xinyue Ye and Clio Andris
Received: 2 November 2016 / Revised: 11 January 2017 / Accepted: 11 January 2017 / Published: 16 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Ecosystems and Society in the Context of Big and New Data)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2963 KB, uploaded 16 January 2017]   |  


Suburbanization in the US largely occurred to solve various urban problems; however, it has also caused many issues, such as the decline of central urban areas, the waste of land resources, and the deterioration of ecological environments in the suburbs. Therefore, the study of suburbanization has received considerable attention in academia. Scholars have argued that suburbanization leads to ecological deterioration. To examine this viewpoint, the authors analyzed spatial-temporal changes in the ambient environment, the soil environment, the water environment, and other ecological environments, as well as carbon emissions of the central urban areas and the suburbs, in the suburbanization process exemplified by Shanghai. The results showed that suburbanization indeed caused many changes in ecological and environmental quality, but that the overall environmental quality in the suburbs of Shanghai remained better than that in the central urban area. It is important not to exaggerate the negative impact of suburbanization in metropolitan areas on the quality of the surrounding ecological environments. However, great attention must be given to controlling the diffusion of pollutants resulting from industrial and population suburbanization. It is also crucial to continue strengthening ecological environmental remediation, improvement, and recovery in the central urban area, and to comprehensively promote the coordinated development of agricultural modernization, industrial aggregation, low-carbon urbanization, and ecological sustainability, in both urban and rural areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: suburbanization; ecological environment; empirical analysis suburbanization; ecological environment; empirical analysis

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, H.; Shi, Y.; Zhang, A.; Cao, Y.; Liu, H. Does Suburbanization Cause Ecological Deterioration? An Empirical Analysis of Shanghai, China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 124.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top