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Factors Influencing Farmers’ Willingness to Participate in Wetland Restoration: Evidence from China

1,2,†, 3,4,*,† and 3,†
School of Marketing and Logistics Management, Nanjing University of Finance & Economics, 3 Wen Yuan Road, Xian Lin University City, Nanjing 210023, China
School of Economics and Management, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang Economic and Technological Development District, 1101 Zhimin Road, Nanchang 330045, China
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 14625 CR 672, Wimauma, FL 33598, USA
Food and Resource Economics Department, University of Florida, P.O. Box 110240 IFAS, Gainesvile, FL 32611, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1325;
Received: 25 August 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 12 December 2016 / Published: 15 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
PDF [507 KB, uploaded 15 December 2016]


The Poyang Lake wetland has been at the center of discussion in China’s wetland restoration initiative because of the extent of its ecosystem degradation. The purpose of this paper is to model farmers’ willingness to participate in wetland restoration and analyze factors that will affect farmers’ participation decisions. A household survey was conducted among 300 randomly selected farm-households in the Poyang Lake area, Jiangxi Province. A binary probit regression model is applied to investigate the impacts of farmer demographics, farm characteristics, and farmers’ perceptions of wetland and wetland restoration policies on willingness to participate in wetland restoration. Results show that farmers’ education level, household migrant members, number of dependents, household net income, farm type, and distance to urban areas have significant effects on farmers’ participation in wetland restoration. Farmers’ perceptions about the ecological values and benefits of wetlands and their knowledge about wetland restoration policies do not appear to significantly influence farmers’ willingness to participate. A gap is identified between awareness of the importance of wetland restoration and willingness to take actions to restore wetlands. Farm-households tend to weigh personal needs and economic conditions when making participation decisions. View Full-Text
Keywords: wetland restoration; willingness to participate; farmer household; Poyang Lake; probit wetland restoration; willingness to participate; farmer household; Poyang Lake; probit

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Zhu, H.; Guan, Z.; Wei, X. Factors Influencing Farmers’ Willingness to Participate in Wetland Restoration: Evidence from China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1325.

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