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Sustainability 2015, 7(11), 15527-15547;

Identifying Critical Factors in the Eco-Efficiency of Remanufacturing Based on the Fuzzy DEMATEL Method

State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacturing for Vehicle Body, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Matthias Finkbeiner
Received: 2 September 2015 / Revised: 11 November 2015 / Accepted: 13 November 2015 / Published: 20 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Engineering and Science)
PDF [756 KB, uploaded 20 November 2015]


Remanufacturing can bring considerable economic and environmental benefits such as cost saving, conservation of energy and resources, and reduction of emissions. With the increasing awareness of sustainable manufacturing, remanufacturing gradually becomes the research priority. Most studies concentrate on the analysis of influencing factors, or the evaluation of the economic and environmental performance in remanufacturing, while little effort has been devoted to investigating the critical factors influencing the eco-efficiency of remanufacturing. Considering the current development of the remanufacturing industry in China, this paper proposes a set of factors influencing the eco-efficiency of remanufacturing and then utilizes a fuzzy Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) method to establish relation matrixes reflecting the interdependent relationships among these factors. Finally, the contributions of each factor to eco-efficiency and mutual influence values among them are obtained, and critical factors in eco-efficiency of remanufacturing are identified. The results of the present work can provide theoretical supports for the government to make appropriate policies to improve the eco-efficiency of remanufacturing. View Full-Text
Keywords: remanufacturing; eco-efficiency; fuzzy DEMATEL; end-of-life products remanufacturing; eco-efficiency; fuzzy DEMATEL; end-of-life products

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Deng, Q.; Liu, X.; Liao, H. Identifying Critical Factors in the Eco-Efficiency of Remanufacturing Based on the Fuzzy DEMATEL Method. Sustainability 2015, 7, 15527-15547.

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