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Open AccessArticle

Human-Environment System Knowledge: A Correlate of Pro-Environmental Behavior

1
Escuela de Agronomía, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Quillota 2260000, Chile
2
Institute of Psychology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg 39106, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ralf Hansmann and Ian Thomas
Sustainability 2015, 7(11), 15510-15526; https://doi.org/10.3390/su71115510
Received: 18 August 2015 / Revised: 15 October 2015 / Accepted: 6 November 2015 / Published: 20 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Education and Approaches)
An effective program of environmental education requires the identification of the knowledge that must be imparted. This paper compares the effects of human-environment system knowledge (i.e., knowledge related to environmental problems caused by humans) and environmental action knowledge (i.e., knowledge of possible courses of action to reduce human impact on the environment) on pro-environmental behavior. Environmental knowledge and pro-environmental behavior of 950 Chilean adults were assessed with a survey. Both types of knowledge were related to pro-environmental behavior (r = 0.25 and r = 0.22, respectively, p < 0.001). These results seem to contradict previous studies that found that system knowledge is not directly related to pro-environmental behavior. However, existing scales of environmental system knowledge are behavioral-distant due to their greater number of general geography knowledge items. In contrast, our human-environmental system knowledge scale focuses on understanding global environmental problems and, therefore, can be expected to relate more closely to pro-environmental behavior. To promote pro-environmental behavior, we suggest teaching more human-environment system knowledge and environmental action knowledge. Since different forms of environmental knowledge must work together in a convergent manner in order to foster pro-environmental behavior, the present study represents an important contribution by showing that greater human-environment system knowledge is correlated with pro-environmental behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological behavior; pro-environmental behavior; environmental education; action knowledge; geography knowledge; effectiveness knowledge ecological behavior; pro-environmental behavior; environmental education; action knowledge; geography knowledge; effectiveness knowledge
MDPI and ACS Style

Díaz-Siefer, P.; Neaman, A.; Salgado, E.; Celis-Diez, J.L.; Otto, S. Human-Environment System Knowledge: A Correlate of Pro-Environmental Behavior. Sustainability 2015, 7, 15510-15526.

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