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Towards a Rural Revitalization Strategy for the Courtyard Layout of Vernacular Dwellings Based on Regional Adaptability and Outdoor Thermal Performance in the Gully Regions of the Loess Plateau, China

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Innovation Institute for Sustainable Maritime Architecture Research and Technology, Qingdao University of Technology, Qingdao 266033, China
2
Faculty of Environmental Engineering, The University of Kitakyushu, Kitakyushu 808-0135, Japan
3
School of Human Settlements and Civil Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nikos A. Salingaros, Alexandros A. Lavdas, Michael W. Mehaffy and Ann Sussman
Sustainability 2021, 13(23), 13074; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313074
Received: 9 October 2021 / Revised: 9 November 2021 / Accepted: 16 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Architectures, Materials and Urban Design)
In the context of the Chinese rural revitalization strategy, the unique residential characteristics of local vernacular dwellings formed by profound historical and cultural accumulation, climate characteristics, and residential lifestyle have undergone profound change in the gully regions of the Loess Plateau. Accordingly, the contradictions of traditional vernacular dwelling protection, increasing living requirements, and ecological protection have intensified. In this paper, with the aim of optimizing courtyard layout for vernacular dwellings, the thermal performance and regional adaptability of different courtyard layouts were analyzed using Ladybug and Honeybee tools. According to the thermal simulation within the courtyard, the current optimal layout type was determined, and then, several ecological optimization designs were proposed for the further improvement of it. The results revealed that the improved vernacular dwelling model has better regional adaptability, which corresponds to the local living culture and living habits, saves land resources, and provides a better thermal comfort performance. This research not only has a positive function for the protection of local architectural culture, but also plays an essential role in improving residents’ living comfort and living standards. We hope that the research results are meaningful and can be used as a reference for future rural construction in the Loess Plateau. View Full-Text
Keywords: regional adaptability; vernacular dwelling; outdoor thermal performance; ecological spatial layout; rural habitat; gully regions of the Loess Plateau regional adaptability; vernacular dwelling; outdoor thermal performance; ecological spatial layout; rural habitat; gully regions of the Loess Plateau
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, T.; Hu, Q.; Ding, Q.; Zhou, D.; Gao, W.; Fukuda, H. Towards a Rural Revitalization Strategy for the Courtyard Layout of Vernacular Dwellings Based on Regional Adaptability and Outdoor Thermal Performance in the Gully Regions of the Loess Plateau, China. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13074. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313074

AMA Style

Zhang T, Hu Q, Ding Q, Zhou D, Gao W, Fukuda H. Towards a Rural Revitalization Strategy for the Courtyard Layout of Vernacular Dwellings Based on Regional Adaptability and Outdoor Thermal Performance in the Gully Regions of the Loess Plateau, China. Sustainability. 2021; 13(23):13074. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313074

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Tao, Qinian Hu, Qi Ding, Dian Zhou, Weijun Gao, and Hiroatsu Fukuda. 2021. "Towards a Rural Revitalization Strategy for the Courtyard Layout of Vernacular Dwellings Based on Regional Adaptability and Outdoor Thermal Performance in the Gully Regions of the Loess Plateau, China" Sustainability 13, no. 23: 13074. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313074

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