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Article

Directions and Challenges in the Management of Municipal Sewage Sludge in Poland in the Context of the Circular Economy

Department of Industrial and Environmental Policy, Cracow University of Economics, 27 Rakowicka Street, 31–510 Krakow, Poland
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3686; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093686
Received: 17 February 2020 / Revised: 17 April 2020 / Accepted: 24 April 2020 / Published: 2 May 2020
Landfilling was the main method of sewage sludge disposal in Poland for decades. After Poland’s accession to the European Union (EU), many investments have been made into providing better access to tap water as well as to collect and treat municipal sewage. However, sewage sludge treatment has not been treated as an integral part of the implementation of wastewater management obligations. Stricter European Union regulations regarding the management of municipal sewage sludge (MSS) pose new challenges for Poland. The aim of this study was to analyze changes in the direction of the final management of municipal sewage sludge in Poland based on the analysis of strategic documents, regulations, literature, and available statistical data. The aim of the analysis was to search for directions to modify how sewage sludge is managed, given the approach promoted by the circular economy concept. The results prove that investments in wastewater treatment plants according to the EU sewage directive are not applied to the development of infrastructure that would enable the disposal of sewage sludge, which, for many years, has been stored (landfilling) or used directly in agriculture and ground reclamation. The introduction of stricter regulations in the area of sewage sludge usage and better wastewater treatment have increased the level of difficulties concerning sewage sludge management. Poland faces the challenge of defining sewage sludge management directions. The circular economy concept offers an approach that can be the basis for the creation of a new sewage sludge management strategy for Poland. The concept allows the combined goals of sewage sludge disposal and of energy and nutrients recovery to be achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: sewage sludge; municipal wastewater treatment; Poland sewage sludge; municipal wastewater treatment; Poland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rosiek, K. Directions and Challenges in the Management of Municipal Sewage Sludge in Poland in the Context of the Circular Economy. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3686. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093686

AMA Style

Rosiek K. Directions and Challenges in the Management of Municipal Sewage Sludge in Poland in the Context of the Circular Economy. Sustainability. 2020; 12(9):3686. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093686

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rosiek, Ksymena. 2020. "Directions and Challenges in the Management of Municipal Sewage Sludge in Poland in the Context of the Circular Economy" Sustainability 12, no. 9: 3686. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093686

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