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Sustainable Use and Conservation of the Environmental Resources of the Etna Park (UNESCO Heritage): Evaluation Model Supporting Sustainable Local Development Strategies

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Department of Civil engineering and Architecture (DICAR), University of Catania, 95127 Catania, Italy
2
Agriculture, Food and Environment Department (D3A), University of Catania, 95127 Catania, Italy
3
University of Catania, 95127 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(4), 1453; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041453 (registering DOI)
Received: 29 November 2019 / Revised: 7 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 15 February 2020
Rural areas are recognized as multifunctional spaces, where traditional agro-silvo-pastoral and other human activities (unrelated rural tourism, ecotourism, processing industries of agricultural and or extractive products, land maintenance, trade in local products, etc.) take place alongside each other. The integrated endogenous development model, established to mitigate the effects of human activity in protected areas, relies on the enhancement of specific resources of individual territories through the active participation of the community to promote local development. This model is intrinsically connected with the model of sustainable development, based on three cornerstones: environmental, social, and economic sustainability. The difficulty in achieving a reasonable balance among these values relates primarily to areas subject to protection (i.e., Parks and Natural Reserves). Ultimately, the environmental culture emphasizes the sustainability of natural resources, obviously in relation to these values and to the vulnerability of these areas. This paper outlines some relationships between environmental protection and the exercise of agricultural activities and other human activities in protected areas by using the theory of “rough sets”. The study aims to show that in the complex context of Etna Park (recognized World Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 2013), the model developed by the “rough sets” could provide useful guidance to policy makers to formulate local development strategies according to a model of the sustainable management of protected areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: landscape management; agriculture; evaluation; multi criteria decision aide (MCDA); rough sets; multifunctionality landscape management; agriculture; evaluation; multi criteria decision aide (MCDA); rough sets; multifunctionality
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Sturiale, L.; Scuderi, A.; Timpanaro, G.; Matarazzo, B. Sustainable Use and Conservation of the Environmental Resources of the Etna Park (UNESCO Heritage): Evaluation Model Supporting Sustainable Local Development Strategies. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1453.

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