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Article

The Effects of Water Levels and Interspecific Competition on Two Carex Species in a Temperate Wetland of Northeast China

by 1,2,3, 2, 4 and 2,3,*
1
University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China
2
Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
3
National Observation and Research Station of Wetland Ecology, Sanjiang Plain, Tongjiang 156400, China
4
School of Environment, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10654; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410654
Received: 13 November 2020 / Revised: 14 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 December 2020 / Published: 20 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wetland Ecosystem under Climate Change)
Zonation along a water level is the main spatial distribution characteristic of wetland plants. This is mainly because of the influences of hydrological conditions and interspecific competition, which finally narrow the fundamental niche of a species to its realized niche. In the present study, a controlled experiment was conducted in order to analyze the relationship between Carex lasiocarpa/Carex pseudocuraica and Glyceria spiculosa, in conditions of three competitive treatments at four water levels. The results showed that in no competition, C. lasiocarpa preferred low water levels, but this preference receded when competing with G. spiculosa. In contrast, C. pseudocuraica had greater preference for low water level when competing with G. spiculosa. The root/shoot ratios of the two Carex species decreased with increasing water levels, but they were almost unaffected by different competition treatments. With the increase in water level during full competition with G. spiculosa, the competitive ability of C. lasiocarpa showed an increasing trend, whereas a contrary trend was observed in C. pseudocuraica. Our results suggested the effects of water levels and their interactions with interspecific competition varied between the two Carex species and played an important role in determining spatial distribution patterns and potential community succession of wetland plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: Carex lasiocarpa; Carex pseudocuraica; interspecies competition; water level; Glyceria spiculosa Carex lasiocarpa; Carex pseudocuraica; interspecies competition; water level; Glyceria spiculosa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tan, W.; Sun, L.; Zhang, X.; Song, C. The Effects of Water Levels and Interspecific Competition on Two Carex Species in a Temperate Wetland of Northeast China. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10654. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410654

AMA Style

Tan W, Sun L, Zhang X, Song C. The Effects of Water Levels and Interspecific Competition on Two Carex Species in a Temperate Wetland of Northeast China. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10654. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410654

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tan, Wenwen, Li Sun, Xinhou Zhang, and Changchun Song. 2020. "The Effects of Water Levels and Interspecific Competition on Two Carex Species in a Temperate Wetland of Northeast China" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10654. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410654

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