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Article

Quantitative Analysis of the Impact of Public Policies on the Sustainable Development Goals through Budget Allocation and Indicators

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Departamento de Ingeniería de Organización, Administración de Empresas y Estadística, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28006 Madrid, Spain
2
Smart & City Solutions SL, Calle Blasco de Garay 61, 28015 Madrid, Spain
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Innovation and Technology for Development Centre, Technical University of Madrid, Av. Complutense s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Alicante, c. San Vicente del Raspeig s/n, Building 31, 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig (Alicante), Spain
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Harvard Kennedy School, 79 John F. Kennedy St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10583; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410583
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 15 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Scientific Research on Sustainable Development Goals)
Measuring the advances performed in the 2030 Agenda and the contribution of public policies remains a key issue. Budgets are acknowledged as one of the most powerful tools made available to administrations to push forward this contribution, and so several initiatives have risen to align budget items and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) performance at all levels. The aim of this paper is to go beyond simple alignment and statistically analyze the interlinkages between budget and SDG achievement data. We have used the Spanish local administrations budget, together with indicators used to measure the 2030 Agenda goals at the same level, and computed a correlation test in order to find where budget allocation has an impact. We have then looked further into the relevant impacts to split them into direct and indirect. The research found ca. 25% of the budget items with relevant statistical links to the SDGs, with the SDGs 11 and 15 being the least impacted and SDGs 1, 4, 7, 8 and 16 the most connected ones. This research aims to set the bases of an evidence-based decision-support tool for a more efficient and sustainable policy design. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sustainable Development Goals; SDG; 2030 Agenda; budget; public policy; evaluation; indicators; meta-analysis; impact assessment Sustainable Development Goals; SDG; 2030 Agenda; budget; public policy; evaluation; indicators; meta-analysis; impact assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sisto, R.; García López, J.; Quintanilla, A.; de Juanes, Á.; Mendoza, D.; Lumbreras, J.; Mataix, C. Quantitative Analysis of the Impact of Public Policies on the Sustainable Development Goals through Budget Allocation and Indicators. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10583. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410583

AMA Style

Sisto R, García López J, Quintanilla A, de Juanes Á, Mendoza D, Lumbreras J, Mataix C. Quantitative Analysis of the Impact of Public Policies on the Sustainable Development Goals through Budget Allocation and Indicators. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10583. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410583

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sisto, Raffaele, Javier García López, Alberto Quintanilla, Álvaro de Juanes, Dalia Mendoza, Julio Lumbreras, and Carlos Mataix. 2020. "Quantitative Analysis of the Impact of Public Policies on the Sustainable Development Goals through Budget Allocation and Indicators" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10583. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410583

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