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Open AccessArticle

Marginalized Small-Scale Farmers as Actors in Just Circular-Economy Transitions: Exploring Opportunities to Circulate Crop Residue as Raw Material in India

1
Department of Sustainability Science, LUT University, 15210 Lahti, Finland
2
Management and Organisation, University of Turku, 20500 Turku, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10355; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410355
Received: 6 November 2020 / Revised: 30 November 2020 / Accepted: 4 December 2020 / Published: 11 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Change Agency in Sustainability Transitions)
Facing substantial sustainability challenges, sustainable transitions to circular systems are increasingly called for. The use of biomass to produce textile fibers is a niche that could contribute to a circular textile system. In this niche, farmers supplying biomass would play a crucial role. Through a literature review, we argue in this article that farmers are important actors in this context, but their agency is limited by numerous institutional factors, such as cultivation practices, labor markets, and information systems. These factors together can create an institutional void, which can hamper both the agency of farmers and their ability to participate, as well as the justness of the niche. The void’s strength depends on the institutional interface a farmer is subjected to. Before just transitions to circular systems can occur, marginalized actors’ agency and ability to participate in the niche, in a just way, must be improved, by decreasing the strength of the institutional void. View Full-Text
Keywords: agency; transition; institutional void; crop residue; straw; India agency; transition; institutional void; crop residue; straw; India
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MDPI and ACS Style

Härri, A.; Levänen, J.; Koistinen, K. Marginalized Small-Scale Farmers as Actors in Just Circular-Economy Transitions: Exploring Opportunities to Circulate Crop Residue as Raw Material in India. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10355. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410355

AMA Style

Härri A, Levänen J, Koistinen K. Marginalized Small-Scale Farmers as Actors in Just Circular-Economy Transitions: Exploring Opportunities to Circulate Crop Residue as Raw Material in India. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10355. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410355

Chicago/Turabian Style

Härri, Anna; Levänen, Jarkko; Koistinen, Katariina. 2020. "Marginalized Small-Scale Farmers as Actors in Just Circular-Economy Transitions: Exploring Opportunities to Circulate Crop Residue as Raw Material in India" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10355. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410355

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