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Impact Assessment of Additive Manufacturing on Sustainable Business Models in Industry 4.0 Context
Article

Sustainable Business Models–Canvas for Sustainability, Evaluation Method, and Their Application to Additive Manufacturing in Aircraft Maintenance

1
IDMEC, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
2
Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Chemnitz University of Technology, 09111 Chemnitz, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(21), 9130; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219130
Received: 13 October 2020 / Revised: 27 October 2020 / Accepted: 30 October 2020 / Published: 3 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Product Development and Life-Cycle Management)
The topic of sustainable business models is growing in literature and in the industry, driving companies to search for opportunities to improve their impact on the three pillars of sustainability—profit, people, and planet (economic, social, and environmental). However, the process of developing sustainable business models is often complex, due to conflicting objectives from the three dimensions of sustainability. This paper presents a procedure model that supports the design and assessment of business models with a sustainable perspective, by integrating a new business model canvas for sustainability (BMCS) and an evaluation method to assess it. A comprehensive assessment is proposed, performed in a life cycle perspective. The proposed model is applied and validated with a real case study, based on a new business model for an aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul company. The case is based on shifting from traditional maintenance, repair, and overhaul activities to adopting additive manufacturing as an activity that allows manufacturing optimized spare parts with benefits for the costumer. The results show the application of the procedure model on a specific case study, as well as the potential of additive manufacturing as a driver for more sustainable business models in the aircraft maintenance sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: business model canvas; sustainability; life cycle; sustainable business model; additive manufacturing; LCA business model canvas; sustainability; life cycle; sustainable business model; additive manufacturing; LCA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cardeal, G.; Höse, K.; Ribeiro, I.; Götze, U. Sustainable Business Models–Canvas for Sustainability, Evaluation Method, and Their Application to Additive Manufacturing in Aircraft Maintenance. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9130. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219130

AMA Style

Cardeal G, Höse K, Ribeiro I, Götze U. Sustainable Business Models–Canvas for Sustainability, Evaluation Method, and Their Application to Additive Manufacturing in Aircraft Maintenance. Sustainability. 2020; 12(21):9130. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219130

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cardeal, Gonçalo, Kristina Höse, Inês Ribeiro, and Uwe Götze. 2020. "Sustainable Business Models–Canvas for Sustainability, Evaluation Method, and Their Application to Additive Manufacturing in Aircraft Maintenance" Sustainability 12, no. 21: 9130. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219130

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