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Article

Impact Assessment of Additive Manufacturing on Sustainable Business Models in Industry 4.0 Context

1
UNIDEMI, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology (FCT), Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
2
IDMEC, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
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Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), DINÂMIA’CET-IUL—Centro de Estudos sobre a Mudança Socioeconómica e o Território, 1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(17), 7066; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12177066
Received: 17 June 2020 / Revised: 18 August 2020 / Accepted: 26 August 2020 / Published: 30 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Product Development and Life-Cycle Management)
Additive manufacturing has the potential to make a longstanding impact on the manufacturing world and is a core element of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Additive manufacturing signifies a new disruptive path on how we will produce parts and products. Several studies suggest this technology could foster sustainability into manufacturing systems based on its potential of optimizing material consumption, creating new shapes, customizing designs and shortening production times that, all combined, will greatly transform some of the existing business models. Although it requires reaching a certain level of design maturity to completely insert this technology in an industrial setting, additive manufacturing has the potential to favorably impact the manufacturing sector by reducing costs in production, logistics, inventories, and in the development and industrialization of a new product. The transformation of the industry and the acceleration of the adopting rate of new technologies is driving organizational strategy. Thus, through the lenses of Industry 4.0 and its technological concepts, this paper aims to contribute to the knowledge about the impacts of additive manufacturing technology on sustainable business models. This aim is accomplished through a proposed framework, as well as the models and scales that can be used to determine these impacts. The effects are assessed by taking into account the social, environmental and economic impacts of additive manufacturing on business models and for all these three dimensions a balanced scorecard structure is proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; 3D printing; business models; Industry 4.0; local manufacturing; spare parts additive manufacturing; 3D printing; business models; Industry 4.0; local manufacturing; spare parts
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MDPI and ACS Style

Godina, R.; Ribeiro, I.; Matos, F.; T. Ferreira, B.; Carvalho, H.; Peças, P. Impact Assessment of Additive Manufacturing on Sustainable Business Models in Industry 4.0 Context. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7066. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12177066

AMA Style

Godina R, Ribeiro I, Matos F, T. Ferreira B, Carvalho H, Peças P. Impact Assessment of Additive Manufacturing on Sustainable Business Models in Industry 4.0 Context. Sustainability. 2020; 12(17):7066. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12177066

Chicago/Turabian Style

Godina, Radu, Inês Ribeiro, Florinda Matos, Bruna T. Ferreira, Helena Carvalho, and Paulo Peças. 2020. "Impact Assessment of Additive Manufacturing on Sustainable Business Models in Industry 4.0 Context" Sustainability 12, no. 17: 7066. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12177066

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