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Charcoal and Wood Biomass Utilization in Uganda: The Socioeconomic and Environmental Dynamics and Implications

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Department of Forestry and Wood Products Economics and Policy, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 3, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Landscape Management, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 3, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Forest Botany, Dendrology and Geobiocoenology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 3, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Bioresources and Forest Science, School of Forest Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, I-80101 Joensuu, Finland
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Department of Territorial Studies, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(20), 8337; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208337
Received: 15 September 2020 / Accepted: 6 October 2020 / Published: 10 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Geography and Sustainability)
Charcoal and firewood fuel biomass utilization is thought to be the main cause of deforestation in Uganda. Moreover, the practice of utilizing charcoal and wood fuel in Uganda is said to impact the health of many women and children in the region. The goal of this study was to comprehensively analyze charcoal and wood fuel utilization processes in Uganda and sub-Saharan Africa and the environmental and socioeconomic dynamics and implications. The study equally intended to model out some possible improvements to wood fuel use while conserving natural forests. Both qualitative and qualitative approaches were used to study the charcoal and wood fuel energy situation in Uganda. The study collected field data (sample size: 199) which was subjected to descriptive analysis. The findings show that over 90% of households in Uganda and the sub- Saharan region use firewood and charcoal wood fuel, and that this fuel use creates social and environmental hazards. Our findings are also in agreement with numerous empirical studies showing that firewood and charcoal biomass are among the major causes of deforestation in Uganda and the sub-Saharan region. Ceteris paribus, we propose the adoption of Improved Eco-Stoves (ICE), which not only enable comprehensive combustion but also lessen the quantity of firewood used by more than 60%, together with policy decisions on the government of Uganda, given peoples willingness to take on alternative energy sources such as gas and electricity. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; charcoal; deforestation; economy; energy; health; innovations; livelihood; women biomass; charcoal; deforestation; economy; energy; health; innovations; livelihood; women
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bamwesigye, D.; Kupec, P.; Chekuimo, G.; Pavlis, J.; Asamoah, O.; Darkwah, S.A.; Hlaváčková, P. Charcoal and Wood Biomass Utilization in Uganda: The Socioeconomic and Environmental Dynamics and Implications. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8337. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208337

AMA Style

Bamwesigye D, Kupec P, Chekuimo G, Pavlis J, Asamoah O, Darkwah SA, Hlaváčková P. Charcoal and Wood Biomass Utilization in Uganda: The Socioeconomic and Environmental Dynamics and Implications. Sustainability. 2020; 12(20):8337. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208337

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bamwesigye, Dastan, Petr Kupec, Georges Chekuimo, Jindrich Pavlis, Obed Asamoah, Samuel A. Darkwah, and Petra Hlaváčková. 2020. "Charcoal and Wood Biomass Utilization in Uganda: The Socioeconomic and Environmental Dynamics and Implications" Sustainability 12, no. 20: 8337. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208337

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